10K Q4 2014

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC 20549
FORM 10-K
(Mark One)                                        
x
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 or 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended January 3, 2015
OR
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File Number 1-14225
HNI Corporation
An Iowa Corporation
 
408 East Second Street
 
IRS Employer No. 42-0617510
 
 
P. O. Box 1109
 
 
 
 
Muscatine, IA 52761-0071
 
 
 
 
563/272-7400
 
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, with par value of $1.00 per share.
 
New York Stock Exchange

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:  None.

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.
Yes x No o

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.
Yes o No x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes x No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
Yes x No o

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. x




Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company.  See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
T
Accelerated filer
o
Non-accelerated filer
o  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company
o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).
Yes o No T

The aggregate market value of the voting stock held by nonaffiliates of the Registrant, as of June 27, 2014 was $1,030,079,764, based on the New York Stock Exchange closing price for such shares on that date, assuming for purposes of this calculation that all 5% holders and all directors and executive officers of the Registrant are affiliates.

The number of shares outstanding of the Registrant's common stock, as of February 6, 2015 was 44,166,714.

Documents Incorporated by Reference

Portions of the Registrant's Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on May 5, 2015 are incorporated by reference into Part III.



Table of Contents

ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K
TABLE OF CONTENTS


PART I
 
 
Page
Item    1.
Item 1A.
Item 1B.
Item    2.
Item    3.
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
PART II
Item    5.
Item    6.
Item    7.
Item 7A.
Item    8.
Item    9.
Item 9A.
Item 9B.
 
 
 
PART III
Item 10.
Item 11.
Item 12.
Item 13.
Item 14.
 
 
 
PART IV
Item 15.
 
 
 




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ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K

PART I

ITEM 1.  BUSINESS
General

HNI Corporation (the “Corporation”, “we”, “us” or “our”) is an Iowa corporation incorporated in 1944.  The Corporation is a provider of office furniture and hearth products.  A broad office furniture product offering is sold to dealers, wholesalers, national office product distributors, end-user customers, and federal, state and local governments.  Dealers, wholesalers and national office products distributors are the largest channels based on sales.  Hearth products include a full array of gas, wood and pellet burning fireplaces, inserts, stoves, facings and accessories.  These products are sold through a national system of dealers and distributors, as well as Corporation-owned distribution and retail outlets.  In fiscal 2014, the Corporation had net sales of $2.2 billion, of which approximately $1.7 billion or 78% was attributable to office furniture products and $0.5 billion or 22% was attributable to hearth products.  Please refer to Operating Segment Information in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further information about operating segments.

The Corporation is organized into a corporate headquarters and operating units with offices, manufacturing plants, distribution centers and sales showrooms in the United States, Canada, China, Hong Kong, India and Taiwan.  See Item 2."Properties" for additional related discussion.

Nine operating units, marketing under various brand names, participate in the office furniture industry.  These operating units include:  The HON Company LLC ("HON"), Allsteel Inc., Maxon Furniture Inc., The Gunlocke Company L.L.C., Paoli LLC, Hickory Business Furniture, LLC (“HBF”), Artco-Bell Corporation. ("Artcobell"), HNI Hong Kong Limited (“Lamex”) and BP Ergo Limited ("BP Ergo").  Each of these operating units provides products which are sold through various channels of distribution and segments of the industry. HNI International Inc. (“HNI International”) sells office furniture products manufactured by the Corporation’s operating units in select markets outside the United States and Canada. 

The Corporation distributes its office furniture products through an extensive network of independent office furniture dealers, office products dealers, wholesalers and retailers.  The Corporation is a supplier of office furniture to the largest nationwide distributors of office products.

The operating unit Hearth & Home Technologies LLC (“Hearth & Home”) participates in the hearth products industry.  The retail and distribution brand for this operating unit is Fireside Hearth & Home.

During fiscal 2014, the Corporation completed the acquisition of Vermont Castings Group ("VCG"), a leading manufacturer of free-standing hearth stoves and fireplaces, for a purchase price of approximately $62 million.

The Corporation has been committed to systematically eliminating waste through its process improvement approach known as Rapid Continuous Improvement (“RCI”), which focuses on stngreamlining design, manufacturing and administrative processes.  The Corporation's RCI program has contributed to increased productivity, lower costs, improved product quality and enhanced workplace safety.  In addition, the Corporation's RCI efforts enable it to offer short average lead times, from receipt of order to delivery and installation, for most products.

The Corporation's product development efforts are focused on developing and providing relevant and differentiated solutions delivering quality, aesthetics and style.

An important element of the Corporation's success has been its member-owner culture, which has enabled it to attract, develop, retain and motivate skilled, experienced and efficient members (i.e., employees).  Each of the Corporation's eligible members has the opportunity to own stock in the Corporation through a number of stock-based plans, including a member stock purchase plan and a profit-sharing retirement plan, which drives a unique level of commitment to the Corporation’s success throughout the workforce.

For further financial-related information with respect to acquisitions, divestitures, operating segment information, restructuring and the Corporation’s operations in general, refer to “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Part II of this report, and the following sections in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements:  Nature of Operations, Business Combinations and Operating Segment Information.


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Industry

According to the Business and Institutional Furniture Manufacturer's Association (“BIFMA”), U.S. office furniture industry shipments were estimated to be $9.8 billion in 2014, an increase of 4% compared to 2013, which was a 1% increase from 2012 levels.  

The U.S. office furniture market consists of two primary channels—the contract channel and the supplies-driven channel.  The contract channel has traditionally been characterized by sales of office furniture and services to large corporations, primarily for new office facilities, relocations or department or office redesigns, which are frequently customized to meet specific client and designer preferences.  Contract furniture is generally purchased through office furniture dealers who typically prepare a custom-designed office layout emphasizing image and design.  The selling process is complex and lengthy and generally has several manufacturers competing for the same projects.

The supplies-driven channel of the market, in which the Corporation is a leader, primarily represents smaller orders of office furniture purchased by small/medium businesses on the basis of price, quality, selection and speed and reliability of delivery.  Office products dealers, wholesalers and national office product distributors are the primary distribution channels in this market channel.  Office furniture and products dealers publish content on the internet and periodic catalogs displaying office furniture and products from various manufacturers.

The Corporation also competes in the hearth products industry, where it is a market leader.  Hearth products are typically purchased by builders during the construction of new homes and homeowners during the renovation of existing homes.  Both types of purchases involve seasonality with remodel/retrofit activity being concentrated in the September to December time-frame.  Distribution is primarily through independent dealers, who may buy direct from the manufacturer or from an intermediate distributor.  

Growth Strategy

The Corporation's strategy is to build on its position as a leading manufacturer of office furniture and hearth products in North America and pursue select global markets where opportunities exist to create shareholder value.  The components of this growth strategy are to introduce new products, build brand equity, provide outstanding customer satisfaction by focusing on the end-user, strengthen the distribution network, respond to global competition, pursue complementary strategic acquisitions, enter markets not currently served and continually reduce costs.

The Corporation’s strategy has a dual focus:  working continuously to extract new growth from its core markets while identifying and developing new, adjacent potential areas of growth.  The Corporation focuses on extracting new growth from each of its existing businesses by deepening its understanding of end-users, using new insights gained to refine branding, selling and marketing and developing new products to serve them better.  The Corporation also pursues opportunities in potential growth drivers related to its core business, such as vertical markets or new distribution models.

Employees/Members

As of January 3, 2015, the Corporation employed approximately 11,000 persons, 10,400 of whom were full-time and 600 of whom were temporary personnel.  The Corporation believes its labor relations are good.

Products and Solutions

Office Furniture

The Corporation designs, manufactures and markets a broad range of office furniture systems and seating across a range of price points. The Corporation's portfolio includes panel-based and freestanding furniture systems and complementary products such as seating, storage and tables. The Corporation offers a complete line of office panel system products and freestanding desks, classroom solutions, bookshelves and credenzas in order to meet the needs of a wide spectrum of organizations. The Corporation offers a variety of storage options designed either to be integrated into the Corporation's office systems products or to function as freestanding furniture in office applications. The Corporation's seating line includes chairs designed for all types of office work.  The chairs are available in a variety of frame colors, coverings and a wide range of price points.  

To meet the demands of various markets, the Corporation's products are sold under the Corporation's brands – HON®, Allsteel®, Maxon®, Gunlocke®, Paoli®, HBF®, artcobellTM, Midwest Folding ProductsTM, American DeskTM, basyx® by HON, Lamex® and ERGO®, as well as private labels.

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Hearth Products

The Corporation is North America’s largest manufacturer and marketer of prefabricated fireplaces, hearth stoves and related products, primarily for the home, which it sells under its widely recognized Heatilator®, Heat & Glo®, Majestic®, Monessen®, Quadra-Fire®, Harman StoveTM , Vermont Castings®and PelProTM brand names.

The Corporation’s line of hearth products includes a full array of gas, wood and pellet burning fireplaces, inserts, stoves, facings and accessories.  Heatilator® , Heat & Glo® , Majestic®and Monessen® are brand leaders in the two largest segments of the home fireplace market: gas and wood fireplaces.  The Corporation is the leader in “direct vent” fireplaces, which replace the chimney-venting system used in traditional fireplaces with a less expensive vent through the roof or an outer wall.  In addition, the Corporation is the leader in wood and pellet-burning stoves and furnaces with its Quadra-Fire®, Harman StoveTM ,Vermont Castings® and PelProTM product lines which provide home heating solutions using renewable fuels.  See “Intellectual Property” under Item 1. "Business" for additional details.

Manufacturing

The Corporation manufactures office furniture in Georgia, Indiana, Iowa, New York, North Carolina, Texas, China and India.  The Corporation manufactures hearth products in Iowa, Kentucky, Maryland, Minnesota, Pennsylvania, Vermont and Washington.

The Corporation purchases raw materials and components from a variety of suppliers, and generally most items are available from multiple sources.  Major raw materials and components include coil steel, aluminum, zinc, castings, lumber, veneer, particleboard, fabric, paint, lacquer, hardware, glass, plastic products and shipping cartons.

Since its inception, the Corporation has focused on making its manufacturing facilities and processes more flexible while at the same time reducing cost, eliminating waste and improving product quality.  The Corporation applies the principles of RCI and a lean manufacturing philosophy leveraging the creativity of its members to eliminate and reduce costs.  To achieve flexibility and attain efficiency goals, the Corporation has adopted a variety of production techniques, including cellular manufacturing, focused factories, just-in-time inventory management, value engineering, business simplification and 80/20 principles.  The application of RCI has increased productivity by reducing set-up and processing times, square footage, inventory levels, product costs and delivery times, while improving quality and enhancing member safety.  The Corporation's RCI process involves production and administrative employees, management, customers and suppliers.  The Corporation has facilitators, coaches and consultants dedicated to the RCI process and strives to involve all members in the RCI process.  Manufacturing also plays a key role in the Corporation's concurrent product development process in order to design new products for ease of manufacturability.

Product Development

The Corporation's product development efforts are primarily focused on developing relevant and differentiated end-user solutions focused on quality, aesthetics, style, sustainable design and on reducing manufacturing costs.  The Corporation accomplishes this through improving existing products, extending product lines and platforms, applying ergonomic research, improving manufacturing processes, applying alternative materials and providing engineering support and training to its operating units.  The Corporation conducts its product development efforts at both the corporate and operating unit level.  The Corporation invested approximately $29.7 million, $27.3 million and $26.9 million in product development during fiscal 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively.

Intellectual Property

As of January 3, 2015, the Corporation owned 273 U.S. and 267 foreign patents with expiration dates through 2039 and had applications pending for 26 U.S. and 67 foreign patents.  In addition, the Corporation holds 200 U.S. and 485 foreign trademark registrations and has applications pending for 20 U.S. and 13 foreign trademarks.

The Corporation's principal office furniture products do not require frequent technical changes.  The Corporation believes neither any individual office furniture patent nor the Corporation's office furniture patents in the aggregate are material to the Corporation's business as a whole.

The Corporation’s patents covering its hearth products protect various technical innovations.  While the acquisition of patents reflects Hearth & Home’s position in the market as an innovation leader, the Corporation believes neither any individual hearth product patent nor the Corporation’s hearth product patents in the aggregate are material to the Corporation’s business as a whole.


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The Corporation applies for patent protection when it believes the expense of doing so is justified, and the Corporation believes the duration of its registered patents is adequate to protect these rights.  The Corporation also pays royalties in certain instances for the use of patents on products and processes owned by others.

The Corporation applies for trademark protection for brands and products when it believes the expense of doing so is justified. The Corporation actively protects trademarks it believes have significant value. The Corporation believes neither the loss of any individual trademark nor the loss of the Corporation's trademarks in the aggregate would materially adversely affect the Corporation's business as a whole, except for HNI, HON and Allsteel.

Sales and Distribution: Customers

The Corporation sells its office furniture products through five principal distribution channels.  The first channel consisting of independent, local office furniture and office products dealers, specializes in the sale of a broad range of office furniture and office furniture systems to business, government, education and health care entities.

The second distribution channel comprises national office product distributors including Staples, Inc. and Office Depot, Inc. which have recently announced a planned merger.  These distributors sell furniture along with office supplies through a national network of dealerships and sales offices, which assist their customers with the evaluation of office space requirements, systems layout and product selection and design and office solution services provided by professional designers.  These distributors also sell through on-line and retail office products stores.

The third distribution channel is where the Corporation has the lead selling relationship with the end-user.  

The fourth distribution channel comprises wholesalers serving as distributors of the Corporation's products to independent dealers and national office products distributors.  The Corporation sells to the nation's largest office supply/furniture wholesalers, United Stationers Supply Co. and S.P. Richards Company.  Wholesalers maintain inventory of standard product lines for resale to the various dealers and national office products distributors.  They also special order products from the Corporation in customer-selected models and colors.  The Corporation's wholesalers maintain warehouse locations throughout the United States, which enables the Corporation to make its products available for rapid delivery to resellers anywhere in the country.

The fifth distribution channel comprises direct sales of the Corporation's products to federal, state and local government offices.

The Corporation's office furniture sales force consists of regional sales managers, salespersons and firms of independent manufacturers' representatives who collectively provide national sales coverage.  Sales managers and salespersons are compensated by a combination of salary and variable performance compensation.

Office products dealers, national wholesalers and national office product distributors market their products over the Internet and through catalogs published periodically.  These catalogs are distributed to existing and potential customers.  

The Corporation also makes export sales through HNI International to office furniture dealers and wholesale distributors serving select foreign markets.  Distributors are principally located in the Middle East, Mexico, Latin America and the Caribbean.  Through Lamex and BP Ergo, the Corporation manufactures and distributes office furniture directly to end-users and through independent dealers and distributors in China, India and the rest of Asia.

Limited quantities of select finished goods inventories primarily built to order and awaiting shipment are at the Corporation's principal manufacturing plants and at its various distribution centers.

Hearth & Home sells its fireplace and stove products through dealers, distributors and Corporation-owned distribution and retail outlets.  The Corporation has a field sales organization of regional sales managers, salespersons and firms of independent manufacturers' representatives.

In fiscal 2014, the Corporation's five largest customers represented approximately 21% of its consolidated net sales. No single customer accounted for 10% or more of the Corporation’s consolidated net sales in fiscal 2014.  The substantial purchasing power exercised by large customers may adversely affect the prices at which the Corporation can successfully offer its products.  

The above percentages do not include revenue from various government agencies. In aggregate, entities purchasing under the Corporation's U.S. General Services Administration contracts collectively accounted for approximately 2% of the Corporation's consolidated net sales.


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As of January 3, 2015, the Corporation had an order backlog of approximately $192.4 million, which will be filled in the ordinary course of business within the first few months of the fiscal year.  This compares with $163.5 million as of December 28, 2013.  Backlog, in terms of percentage of net sales, was 8.7% and 7.9% for fiscal 2014 and 2013, respectively.  The Corporation’s products are typically manufactured and shipped within a few weeks following receipt of order.  The dollar amount of the Corporation’s order backlog is, therefore, not considered by management to be a leading indicator of the Corporation’s expected sales in any particular fiscal period.

Competition

The Corporation is a leading global office furniture manufacturer and believes it is the largest provider of furniture to small- and medium-sized workplaces.  The Corporation is North America's largest manufacturer and marketer of fireplaces.

The office furniture industry is highly competitive, with a significant number of competitors offering similar products.  The Corporation competes by emphasizing its ability to deliver compelling value products, solutions and a high level of tailored customer service.  The Corporation competes with large office furniture manufacturers, which cover a substantial portion of the North America market share in the contract-oriented office furniture market, such as Steelcase Inc., Haworth, Inc., Herman Miller, Inc. and Knoll, Inc.  The Corporation also competes with a number of other office furniture manufacturers, including The Global Group (a Canadian company), Kimball International, Inc., Krueger International Inc. (KI), Virco Mfg. Corporation and Teknion Corporation (a Canadian company), as well as global importers.  The Corporation faces significant price competition from its competitors and may encounter competition from new market entrants.

Hearth products, consisting of prefabricated fireplaces and related products, are manufactured by a number of national and regional competitors.  The Corporation competes primarily against a broad range of manufacturers, including Travis Industries Inc., Comvest Partners (Innovative Hearth Products), Wolf Steel Ltd. (Napoleon) and FPI Fireplace Products International Ltd. (Regency).

Both office furniture and hearth products compete on the basis of performance, quality, price, complete and on-time delivery to the customer and customer service and support.  The Corporation believes it competes principally by providing compelling value products designed to be among the best in their price range for product quality and performance, superior customer service and short lead-times.  This is made possible, in part, by the Corporation's on-going investment in brands, product development, highly efficient and low cost manufacturing operations and an extensive distribution network.

For further discussion of the Corporation's competitive situation, refer to “Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” later in this report.

Effects of Inflation

Certain business costs may, from time to time, increase at a rate exceeding the general rate of inflation.  The Corporation’s objective is to offset the effect of normal inflation on its costs primarily through productivity increases in combination with certain adjustments to the selling price of its products as competitive market and general economic conditions permit.

Investments are routinely made in modernizing plants, equipment, information technology capabilities and RCI programs.  These investments collectively focus on business simplification and increasing productivity which helps to offset the effect of rising material and labor costs.  The Corporation also routinely employs ongoing cost control disciplines.  In addition, the last-in, first-out ("LIFO") valuation method is used for most of the Corporation's inventories, which ensures changing material and labor costs are recognized in reported income and, more importantly, these costs are recognized in pricing decisions.

Environmental

The Corporation is subject to a variety of environmental laws and regulations governing the use of materials and substances in products, the management of wastes resulting from use of certain material and the remediation of contamination associated with releases of hazardous substances used in the past.  Although the Corporation believes it is in material compliance with all of the various regulations applicable to its business, there can be no assurance requirements will not change in the future or the Corporation will not incur material costs to comply with such regulations.  The Corporation has trained staff responsible for monitoring compliance with environmental, health and safety requirements.  The Corporation’s environmental staff works with responsible personnel at each manufacturing facility, the Corporation’s environmental legal counsel and consultants on the management of environmental, health and safety issues.  The Corporation’s environmental objective is to reduce and, when practical, eliminate the human and ecosystem impacts of materials and manufacturing processes.


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The Corporation’s environmental management system has earned the recognition of numerous state and federal agencies as well as non-government organizations.  Aligning continuous improvement initiatives with the Corporation’s environmental objectives creates a model of the triple bottom line of sustainable development where members work toward shared goals of personal growth, economic reward and a healthy environment for the future.

Over the past several years, the Corporation has expanded its environmental management system and established metrics to influence product design and development, supplier and supply chain performance, energy and resource consumption and the impacts of its facilities.  In addition, the Corporation is providing sustainability training to senior decision makers and has assigned resources to documenting and communicating its progress to an increasingly knowledgeable market.  Integrating sustainable objectives into core business systems is consistent with the Corporation’s vision and ensures its commitment to being a sustainable enterprise remains a priority for all members.

Compliance with federal, state and local environmental regulations has not had a material effect on the capital expenditures, earnings or competitive position of the Corporation to date.  The Corporation does not anticipate financially material capital expenditures will be required during fiscal 2015 for environmental control facilities.  It is management’s judgment that compliance with current regulations should not have a material effect on the Corporation’s financial condition or results of operations.  However, there can be no assurance new environmental legislation, material science or technology in this area will not result in or require material capital expenditures.

Business Development

The development of the Corporation's business during the fiscal years ended January 3, 2015, December 28, 2013 and December 29, 2012 is discussed in “Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations”.

Available Information

Information regarding the Corporation’s annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and any amendments to these reports, will be made available, free of charge, on the Corporation’s website at www.hnicorp.com, as soon as reasonably practicable after the Corporation electronically files such reports with or furnishes them to the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”).  The Corporation’s information is also available from the SEC’s Public Reference room at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549, or on the SEC website at www.sec.gov.

Forward-Looking Statements

Statements in this report to the extent they are not statements of historical or present fact, including statements as to plans, outlook, objectives and future financial performance, are “forward-looking” statements, within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.  Words, such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “could,” “confident,” “estimate,” “expect,” “forecast,” “hope,” “intend,” “likely,” “may,” “plan,” “possible,” “potential,” “predict,” “project,” “should,” “will,” “would” and variations of such words and similar expressions identify forward-looking statements.

Forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties, which may cause the Corporation’s actual results in the future to differ materially from expected results.  The most significant factors known to the Corporation that may adversely affect the Corporation’s business, operations, industries, financial position or future financial performance are described later in this report under the heading “Item 1A. Risk Factors.”  The Corporation cautions readers not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statement which speaks only as of the date made and to recognize forward-looking statements are predictions of future results, which may not occur as anticipated.  Actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements and from historical results due to the risks and uncertainties described elsewhere in this report, including under the heading “Item 1A. Risk Factors,” as well as others that the Corporation may consider immaterial or does not anticipate at this time.  The risks and uncertainties described in this report, including those under the heading “Item 1A. Risk Factors,” are not exclusive and further information concerning the Corporation, including factors that potentially could materially affect the Corporation’s financial results or condition, may emerge from time to time.

The Corporation assumes no obligation to update, amend or clarify forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by applicable law.  The Corporation advises you, however, to consult any further disclosures made on related subjects in future quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K filed with or furnished to the SEC.


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ITEM 1A.  RISK FACTORS

The following risk factors and other information included in this report should be carefully considered.  If any of the following risks actually occur, our business, operating results, cash flows or financial condition could be materially adversely affected.

The existence of various unfavorable macroeconomic and industry factors, or deterioration of economic conditions, for a prolonged period could adversely affect our business operating results or financial condition.

Office furniture industry sales are impacted by a variety of macroeconomic factors including service-sector employment levels, corporate profits, small business confidence, commercial construction and office vacancy rates. Industry factors, including corporate restructuring, technology changes, corporate relocations, health and safety concerns, including ergonomic considerations, and the globalization of companies also influence office furniture industry revenues. Despite economic recovery in the United States, generally, economic conditions remain uncertain. Service-sector employment has rebounded slowly and may not return to pre-recession levels, which could decrease demand for our office furniture products and have adverse effects on our operating results.

Hearth products industry sales are impacted by a variety of macroeconomic factors as well, including housing starts, overall employment levels, interest rates, consumer confidence, energy costs, disposable income and changing demographics. Industry factors, such as technology changes, health and safety concerns and environmental regulation, including indoor air quality standards, also influence hearth products industry revenues. Deterioration of the economic conditions or a slowdown in the recovery in the homebuilding industry and the hearth products market could decrease demand for our hearth products and have additional adverse effects on our operating results.

Economic growth has slowed, and may continue to slow, in several key international markets, including China and India, which could have adverse effects on our international office furniture sales and our operating results.

Deteriorating economic conditions could affect our business significantly, including:  reduced demand for products; insolvency of our dealers resulting in increased provisions for credit losses; insolvency of our key suppliers resulting in product delays; inability of customers to obtain credit to finance purchases of our products; decreased customer demand, including order delays or cancellations; and counter-party failures negatively impacting our treasury operations.

We may need to take additional impairment charges related to goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets, which would adversely affect our results of operations.

Goodwill and other acquired intangible assets with indefinite lives are not amortized but are tested for impairment annually, and when an event occurs or circumstances change making it reasonably possible an impairment may exist.  As of January 3, 2015, we had goodwill of $279 million recorded on our balance sheet. We test for impairment annually during the fourth quarter of the year and whenever indicators of impairment exist.  We test goodwill for impairment by first comparing the carrying value of net assets to the fair value of the reporting unit.  If the fair value is determined to be less than carrying value, a second step is performed to determine the implied fair value of goodwill associated with the reporting unit.  If the carrying value of goodwill exceeds the implied fair value of goodwill, the excess represents the amount of goodwill impairment, and accordingly, an impairment is recognized.

We estimate the fair values of the reporting units using discounted cash flows.  Forecasts of future cash flows are based on our best estimate of longer term, broad market trends.  We combine this trend data with estimates of current economic conditions in the U.S. and other countries where we have a presence, competitor behavior, the mix of product sales, commodity costs, wage rates, the level of manufacturing capacity and the pricing environment.  In addition, estimates of fair value are impacted by estimates of the market-participant-derived weighted average cost of capital.  Changes in these forecasts could significantly change the amount of impairment recorded, if any. As a result of impairment testing, we recorded goodwill and other long-lived asset impairments of $29 million during 2014. We have one recently acquired reporting unit within the office furniture segment where the fair value exceeds the carrying value by two percent. There is approximately $3 million of total goodwill associated with this reporting unit.

The office furniture and hearth products industries are highly competitive and, as a result, we may not always be successful.

Both the office furniture and hearth products industries are highly competitive, with a significant number of competitors in both industries offering similar products.  While competitive factors vary geographically and between differing sales situations, typical factors for both industries include:  price; delivery and service; product design and features; product quality; strength of dealers and other distributors; and relationships with customers and key influencers, including architects, designers, home-builders and

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facility managers.  Our principal competitors in the office furniture industry include The Global Group, Haworth, Inc., Kimball International, Inc., Steelcase Inc., Herman Miller, Inc., Teknion Corporation, Virco Mfg. Corporaton, Krueger International Inc. (KI) and Knoll, Inc.  Our principal competitors in the hearth products industry include Travis Industries Inc., Comvest Partners (Innovative Hearth Products), Wolf Steel Ltd. (Napoleon) and FPI Fireplace Products International Ltd. (Regency).  In both industries, most of our top competitors have an installed base of products that can be a source of significant future sales through repeat and expansion orders.  These competitors manufacture products with strong acceptance in the marketplace and are capable of developing products that have a competitive advantage over our products.

Our continued success will depend on many factors, including our ability to continue to manufacture and market high quality, high performance products at competitive prices and our ability to adapt our business model to effectively compete in the highly competitive environments of both the office furniture and hearth products industries.  Our success is also subject to our ability to sustain and grow our positive brand reputation and recognition among existing and potential customers and use our brands and trademarks effectively in entering new markets.

In both the office furniture and hearth products industries, we also face significant price competition from our competitors and from new market entrants who primarily manufacture and source products from lower cost countries.  Price competition impacts our ability to implement price increases or, in some cases, even maintain prices, which could lower our profit margins.  In addition, we may not be able to maintain or raise the prices of our products in response to rising raw material prices and other inflationary pressures.  

The concentration of our customer base, changes in demand and order patterns from our customers, as well as the increased purchasing power of these customers, could adversely affect our business, operating results or financial condition.

We sell our products through multiple distribution channels.  These distribution channels have been consolidating and may continue to consolidate in the future.  Consolidation may result in a greater proportion of our sales being concentrated in fewer customers, including as a result of the recent mergers and announced mergers of national office product distributors.  The increased purchasing power exercised by larger customers may adversely affect the prices at which we can successfully offer our products.  As a result of this consolidation, changes in the purchase patterns or the loss of a single customer may have a greater impact on our business, operating results or financial condition than the events would have had prior to the consolidation.

The growth in sales of private-label products by some of our largest office furniture customers may reduce our revenue and adversely affect our business, operating results or financial condition.

Private-label products are products sold under the name of the distributor or retailer, but manufactured by another party.  Some of our largest customers have aggressive private-label initiatives to increase sales of office furniture.  If successful, they may reduce our revenue and inhibit our ability to raise prices and may, in some cases, even force us to lower prices, which could result in an adverse effect on our business, operating results or financial condition.

Increases in basic commodity, raw material, component and transportation costs, as well as disruptions to the supply of basic commodities, raw materials and components or transportation and shipping challenges, could adversely affect our profitability.

Fluctuations in the price, availability and quality of the commodities, raw materials and components used by us in manufacturing could have an adverse effect on our costs of sales, profitability and our ability to meet customers' demand.  We source commodities, raw materials and components from domestic and international suppliers for both our office furniture and hearth products.  From both domestic and international suppliers, the cost, quality and availability of commodities, raw materials and components, including steel, our largest raw material category, have been significantly affected in recent years by, among other things, changes in global supply and demand, changes in laws and regulations (including tariffs and duties), changes in exchange rates and worldwide price levels, natural disasters, labor disputes, terrorism and political unrest or instability.  These factors could lead to further price increases or supply interruptions in the future.  Our profit margins could be adversely affected if commodity, raw material and component costs remain high or escalate further, and we are either unable to offset such costs through strategic sourcing initiatives and continuous improvement programs or, as a result of competitive market dynamics, unable to pass along a portion of the higher costs to our customers.

We rely primarily on third-party freight and transportation providers to deliver our products to customers. Increasing demand for freight providers and a shortage of qualified drivers may cause delays in our shipments and increase the cost to ship our products, which may adversely affect our profitability. Additionally, we import and export products and components, primarily using container ships, which load and unload through several U.S. ports, including ports on the West Coast. Port-caused delays in the shipment or receipt of products and components, including related to the current labor dispute at certain West Coast ports, could cause delayed receipt of our products and components. These delays could cause manufacturing disruptions, increased expense

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resulting from alternate shipping methods or the inability to meet customer delivery expectations, which may adversely affect our sales and profitability.

The cost of energy could adversely affect our gross margins and profitability.

Our gross margins and the profitability of our business operations are sensitive to the cost of energy because it is reflected in our cost of transportation, petroleum-based materials like plastics and operation of our manufacturing facilities.  If the costs of petroleum-based products, operating our manufacturing facilities or transportation increase, it could adversely affect our gross margins and profitability.

Our efforts to introduce new products to meet customer and workplace requirements may not be successful, which could limit our sales growth or cause our sales to decline.

To meet the changing needs of our customers and keep pace with market trends in both the office furniture and hearth products industries, we regularly introduce new products.  Trends include changes in workplace and home design and increases in the use of technology and evolving regulatory and industry requirements, including environmental, health, safety and similar standards for the workplace and home and for product performance.  The introduction of new products in both industries requires the coordination of the design, manufacturing and marketing of the products, which may be affected by factors beyond our control.  The design and engineering of certain new products can take up to a year or more, and further time may be required to achieve client acceptance.  In addition, we may face difficulties introducing new products if we cannot successfully align ourselves with independent architects, home-builders and designers who are able to design, in a timely manner, high quality products consistent with our image and our customers' needs.  Accordingly, the launch of any particular product may be later or less successful than we originally anticipated.  Difficulties or delays introducing new products or lack of customer acceptance of new products could limit our sales growth or cause our sales to decline and may result in an adverse effect on our business, operating results or financial condition.

We have grown, and may continue to grow, our business through acquisitions and alliances, which could adversely affect our business, operating results or financial condition.

One of our growth strategies is to supplement our organic growth through acquisitions of, and or strategic alliances with, businesses with technologies or products complimenting or augmenting our existing products or distribution or adding new products or distribution to our business.  In the past few years, we acquired Vermont Castings Group, a hearth stoves and fireplace company, Artcobell, an education furniture company, and BP Ergo, an office furniture company in India, each of which we continue to integrate into our business. The benefits of these acquisitions, or future acquisitions or alliances may take more time than expected to develop or integrate into our operations, and we cannot guarantee any completed or future acquisitions or alliances will in fact produce any benefits.  In addition, acquisitions and alliances involve a number of risks, including, without limitation:

diversion of management’s attention, including significant management time devoted to integrating acquisitions;
difficulties in assimilating the operations and products of an acquired business or in realizing projected efficiencies, cost savings and revenue synergies;
potential loss of key employees or customers of the acquired businesses or adverse effects on existing business relationships with suppliers and customers;
adverse impact on overall profitability if acquired businesses do not achieve the financial results projected in our valuation models;
reallocation of amounts of capital from other operating initiatives or an increase in our leverage and debt service requirements to pay the acquisition purchase prices, which could in turn restrict our ability to access additional capital when needed or to pursue other important elements of our business strategy;
inaccurate assessment of undisclosed, contingent or other liabilities or problems and unanticipated costs associated with the acquisition; and
incorrect estimates made in accounting for acquisitions, incurrence of non-recurring charges and write-off of significant amounts of goodwill that could adversely affect our operating results.

Our ability to grow through future acquisitions will depend, in part, on the availability of suitable acquisition candidates at an acceptable price, our ability to compete effectively for these acquisition candidates and the availability of capital to complete the acquisitions.  These risks could be heightened if we complete several acquisitions within a relatively short period of time.  In addition, there can be no assurance we will be able to continue to identify attractive opportunities or enter into any transactions with acceptable terms in the future.  If an acquisition is completed, there can be no assurance we will be able to successfully integrate the acquired entity into our operations or achieve sales and profitability justifying our investment in the businesses.  Any potential acquisition may not be successful and could adversely affect our business, operating results or financial condition.

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We are subject to extensive environmental regulation and have exposure to potential environmental liabilities.

The past and present operation and ownership by us of manufacturing facilities and real property are subject to extensive and changing federal, state and local environmental laws and regulations, including those relating to discharges in air, water and land, the handling and disposal of solid and hazardous waste and the remediation of contamination associated with releases of hazardous substances.  Compliance with environmental regulations has not had a material effect on our capital expenditures, earnings or competitive position to date; however, compliance with current laws or more stringent laws or regulations which may be imposed on us in the future, stricter interpretation of existing laws or discoveries of contamination at our real property sites which occurred prior to our ownership or the advent of environmental regulation may require us to incur additional expenditures in the future, some of which may be material.

Increasing healthcare costs could adversely affect our business, operating results and financial condition.
 
We provide healthcare benefits to the majority of our members and are self-insured.  Healthcare costs have continued to rise over time, which increases our annual spending on healthcare and could adversely affect our business, operating results and financial condition.

Our inability to improve the quality/capability of our network of independent dealers or the loss of a significant number of dealers could adversely affect our business, operating results or financial condition.

In both the office furniture and hearth products industries, we rely in large part on a network of independent dealers to market our products to customers.  We also rely upon these dealers to provide a variety of important specification, installation and after-market services to our customers.  Many of our dealers may terminate their relationships with us at any time and for any reason.  The loss or termination of a significant number of dealer relationships could cause difficulties for us in marketing and distributing our products, resulting in a decline in our sales, which may adversely affect our business, operating results or financial condition.

Our international operations expose us to risks related to conducting business in multiple jurisdictions outside the United States.

During the past several years, we have experienced growth in our international operations and sales, including in China and India. We plan to continue to grow internationally. We primarily sell our products and report our financial results in U.S. dollars; however, our increased business in countries outside the United States exposes us to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, including the recent weakening of the Rupee in India and the Canadian Dollar.  Paying our expenses in other currencies can result in a significant increase or decrease in the amount of those expenses in terms of U.S. dollars, which may affect our profits.  In the future, any foreign currency appreciation relative to the U.S. dollar would increase our expenses that are denominated in that currency.  Additionally, as we report currency in the U.S. dollar, our financial position is affected by the strength of the currencies in countries where we have operations relative to the strength of the U.S. dollar.

Further, certain countries have complex regulatory systems which impose administrative and legal requirements which make managing international operations more difficult, including approvals to transfer funds into certain countries. If we are unable to provide financial support to our international operations in a timely manner, our business, operating results and financial condition could be adversely affected.

We periodically review our foreign currency exposure and evaluate whether we should enter into hedging transactions.

Our international sales and operations are subject to a number of additional risks, including, without limitation:

social and political turmoil, official corruption and civil and labor unrest;
restrictive government actions, including the imposition of trade quotas and tariffs and restrictions on transfers of funds;
changes in labor laws and regulations affecting our ability to hire, retain or dismiss employees;
the need to comply with multiple and potentially conflicting laws and regulations, including environmental and corporate laws and regulations;
preference for locally branded products and laws and business practices favoring local competition;
less effective protection of intellectual property and increased possibility of loss due to cyber-theft;
unfavorable business conditions or economic instability in any particular country or region;
infrastructure disruptions;
potentially conflicting cultural and business practices; and
difficulty in obtaining distribution and support.


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Restrictions imposed by the terms of our credit facility and note purchase agreement may limit our operating and financial flexibility.

Our credit facility and note purchase agreement, dated as of April 6, 2006, pursuant to which we issued $150 million of senior, unsecured notes designated as Series 2006-A Senior Notes, limit our ability to finance operations, service debt or engage in other business activities that may be in our interest.  Specifically, our credit facility restricts our ability to incur additional indebtedness, create or incur certain liens with respect to any of our properties or assets, engage in lines of business substantially different than those currently conducted by us, sell, lease, license or dispose of any of our assets, enter into certain transactions with affiliates, make certain restricted payments or take certain restricted actions and enter into certain sale-leaseback arrangements.  Our note purchase agreement contains customary restrictive covenants, among other things, placing limits on our ability to incur liens on assets, incur additional debt, transfer or sell our assets, merge or consolidate with other persons or enter into material transactions with affiliates.  Our credit facility and note purchase agreement also require us to maintain certain financial covenants.

Our failure to comply with the obligations under our credit facility may result in an event of default, which, if not cured or waived, may cause accelerated repayment of the indebtedness under the credit facility and could result in a cross default under our note purchase agreement.  We cannot be certain we will have sufficient funds available to pay any accelerated repayments or we will have the ability to refinance accelerated repayments on terms favorable to us or at all.

Costs related to product defects, including product liability costs, could adversely affect our profitability.

We incur various expenses related to product defects, including product warranty costs, product recall and retrofit costs and product liability costs.  These expenses relative to product sales vary and could increase.  We use chemicals and materials in our products and include components in our products from external suppliers, which we believe are safe and appropriate for their designated use; however, harmful effects may become known which could subject us to litigation, including health-related litigation, and significant losses. We maintain reserves for product defect-related costs based on estimates and our knowledge of circumstances indicating the need for such reserves.  We cannot, however, be certain these reserves will be adequate to cover actual product defect-related claims in the future.  We also purchase insurance coverage to reduce our exposure to significant levels of product liability claims and maintain a reserve for our self-insured losses based upon estimates of the aggregate liability using claims experience and actuarial assumptions, but we cannot be certain insurance would cover all losses related to product claims. Incorrect estimates or any significant increase in the rate of our product defect expenses could have a material adverse effect on operations.

We may require additional capital in the future, which may not be available or may be available only on unfavorable terms.

Our capital requirements depend on many factors, including capital improvements, tooling, new product development and acquisitions.  To the extent our existing capital is insufficient to meet these requirements and cover any losses, we may need to raise additional funds through financings or curtail our growth and reduce our assets.  Our ability to generate cash depends on economic, financial, competitive, legislative, regulatory and other factors that may be beyond our control.  Future borrowings or financings may not be available to us under our credit facility or otherwise in an amount sufficient to enable us to pay our debt or meet our liquidity needs.

Any equity or debt financing, if available at all, could have terms unfavorable to us.  In addition, financings could result in dilution to our shareholders or the securities may have rights, preferences and privileges senior to those of our common stock.  If our need for capital arises because of significant losses, the occurrence of these losses may make it more difficult for us to raise the necessary capital.

Our sales to the U.S. government have declined in recent years and our sales to the U.S. state and local governments are subject to uncertain future funding levels and federal, state and local procurement laws and are governed by restrictive contract terms; any of these factors could limit current or future business.

We derive a portion of our revenue from sales to various U.S. federal, state and local government agencies and departments.  Our ability to compete successfully for and retain business with the U.S. government, as well as with state and local governments, is highly dependent on cost-effective performance.  Our government business is highly sensitive to changes in procurement laws; national, international, state and local public priorities; and budgets at all levels of government, which have recently experienced downward pressure and, in the case of the federal budget, are subject to uncertainty due to continuing budget cuts. Although sales to the federal government increased by 10% in 2014, after falling 28% and 26% in fiscal years 2013 and 2012, respectively, they may decline going forward, which could adversely impact our operating results.

Our contracts with government entities are subject to various statutes and regulations that apply to companies doing business with the government.  The U.S. government as well as state and local governments can typically terminate or modify their contracts

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with us either for their convenience or if we default by failing to perform under the terms of the applicable contract.  A termination arising out of our default could expose us to liability and impede our ability to compete in the future for contracts and orders with agencies and departments at all levels of government.  Moreover, we are subject to investigation and audit for compliance with the requirements governing government contracts, including requirements related to procurement integrity, export controls, employment practices, the accuracy of records and reporting of costs.  If we were found to not be a responsible supplier or to have committed fraud or certain criminal offenses, we could be suspended or debarred from all further federal, state or local government contracting.

Increased government focus on enforcement may significantly increase our operating costs.

The federal government has increased its focus on enforcement under a wide range of laws and regulations impacting our business, particularly in the following areas:

antitrust and competition;
foreign corrupt practices;
government contracting;
securities and public company reporting;
labor and employment practices;
fraud and abuse; and
tax reporting.

Should we become the target of a government investigation or enforcement action, we could incur significant costs and suffer damage to our reputation which could adversely impact our business, operating results or financial condition.

Our implementation and use of a new business software system, and accompanying transformation of our business processes, could result in problems that could negatively impact our business and results of operations.

We are engaged in a multi-year, company-wide program to implement new integrated software systems (the "System") to support and streamline our business processes. We expect implementation of the System will require transformation of business and financial processes to realize the full benefits of the project. Significant efforts are required to design, test and implement the System, requiring investment of resources, including additional selling, general and administrative and capital expenditures. There can be no assurance other issues relating to System implementation will not occur, including compatibility issues, integration challenges and delays, and higher than expected implementation costs. Additionally, when implemented, the System could function improperly or not deliver the projected benefits, which could significantly disrupt our business, including our ability to provide quotes, process orders, ship products, invoice customers, process payments, generate management and financial reports and otherwise run our business. Our business and results of operations may be adversely affected if we experience problems related to the System.
 
We rely on information technology systems to manage numerous aspects of our business, and a disruption or failure of these systems could adversely affect our business.
 
In the ordinary course of business, we rely upon information technology networks and systems to process, transmit and store electronic information, and to manage numerous aspects of our business and provide information to management. Additionally, we collect and store sensitive data of our customers and suppliers, as well as personally identifiable information of our employees, in data centers and on information technology networks. The secure operation of these information technology networks, and the processing and maintenance of this information, is critical to our business operations and strategy. These networks and systems, despite security and precautionary measures, are vulnerable to, among other things, damage and interruption from power loss or natural disasters, computer system and network failures, loss of telecommunications services, physical and electronic loss of data, security breaches, hackers and employee misuse. We may face unauthorized attempts by hackers seeking to harm us or as a result of industrial espionage to penetrate our network security and gain access to our network, steal intellectual or other proprietary data, including design, sales or personally identifiable information, introduce malicious software or interrupt our internal systems, manufacturing or distribution. Though we attempt to prevent and detect these incidents, we may not be successful. Any disruption of our information technology networks or systems, or access to or disclosure of information stored in or transmitted by our systems, could result in legal claims and damages, loss of intellectual property or other proprietary information, including customer data, disrupt operations, result in competitive disadvantage and damage our reputation, which could adversely affect our business and results of operations. We are also required to comply with certain information technology standards, including standards imposed by credit card providers regarding the storage, processing and transmission of cardholder data. These standards continue

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to become more challenging to meet, and any failure of our systems to meet these standards could result in our inability to accept certain forms of customer payments or risk of cardholder data being breached as described above.

Natural disasters, acts of God, force majeure events or other catastrophic events may impact the Corporation's production capacity and, in turn, negatively impact profitability.

Natural disasters, acts of God, force majeure events or other catastrophic events, including severe weather, military action, terrorist attacks, power interruptions and fires, could disrupt operations and likewise the ability to produce or deliver our products. Several of our production facilities, members and key management are located within a small geographic area in eastern Iowa and a natural disaster or catastrophe in the area could have a significant adverse effect on our results of operations and business conditions. Further, several of our production facilities are single-site manufacturers of certain products, and an adverse event affecting any of those facilities could significantly delay production of certain products and adversely affect our operations and business conditions. Members are an integral part of our business and events including an epidemic could reduce the availability of members reporting for work. In the event we experience a temporary or permanent interruption in our ability to produce or deliver product, revenues could be reduced, and business could be materially adversely affected. In addition, any continuing disruption in our computer system could adversely affect our ability to receive and process customers' orders, manufacture products and ship products on a timely basis and could adversely affect relations with customers, potentially resulting in reduction in orders from customers or loss of customers. We maintain insurance to help protect us from costs relating to some of these events, but it may not be sufficient or paid in a timely manner in the event we suffer such an event.

Our business is subject to a number of other miscellaneous risks that may adversely affect our business, operating results or financial condition.

Other miscellaneous risks include, without limitation:

reduced demand for our storage products caused by changes in office technology, including the change from paper record storage to electronic record storage;

our ability to realize cost savings and productivity improvements from our cost containment, business simplification, manufacturing consolidation and logistical realignment initiatives;

volatility in the market price and trading volume of equity securities may adversely affect the market price for our common stock;

our ability to protect our intellectual property, including trade secrets and key business operations data;

labor or other manufacturing inefficiencies due to items including new product introductions, a new operating system or turnover in personnel;

our ability to effectively manage working capital and maintain our effective tax rate;

potential claims by third parties that we infringed upon their intellectual property rights;
our insurance may not adequately (1) insulate us from expenses for product defects and the negligent acts and omissions of our members and agents and (2) compensate us for damages to our facilities and equipment and loss of business; and

our ability to retain our experienced management team and recruit other key personnel.


ITEM 1B.  UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

None.


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ITEM 2.  PROPERTIES

The Corporation maintains its corporate headquarters in Muscatine, Iowa, and conducts operations at locations throughout the United States, Canada, China, Hong Kong, India and Taiwan, which house manufacturing, distribution and retail operations and offices totaling an aggregate of approximately 10.4 million square feet.  Of this total, approximately 1.6 million square feet are leased.

Although the plants are of varying ages, the Corporation believes they are well maintained, equipped with modern and efficient equipment, in good operating condition and suitable for the purposes for which they are being used.  The Corporation has sufficient capacity to increase output at most locations by increasing the use of overtime or the number of production shifts employed.

The Corporation's principal manufacturing and distribution facilities (200,000 square feet in size or larger) are as follows:

Location
Approximate
Square Feet
Owned or
Leased
Description
of Use
Cedartown, Georgia
550,000
Owned
Manufacturing office furniture (1)
Dongguan, China
1,007,716
Owned
Manufacturing office furniture (1)
Hickory, North Carolina
206,316
Owned
Manufacturing office furniture
Lake City, Minnesota
241,500
Owned
Manufacturing fireplaces
Milan, Illinois
244,017
Leased
Warehousing office furniture components
Mt. Pleasant, Iowa
288,006
Owned
Manufacturing fireplaces (1)
Muscatine, Iowa
272,900
Owned
Manufacturing office furniture
Muscatine, Iowa
578,284
Owned
Warehousing office furniture
Muscatine, Iowa
236,100
Owned
Manufacturing office furniture
Muscatine, Iowa
636,250
Owned
Manufacturing office furniture
Muscatine, Iowa
237,800
Owned
Manufacturing office furniture
Nagpur, India
355,135
Owned
Manufacturing office furniture
Orleans, Indiana
1,196,946
Owned
Manufacturing office furniture (1)
Paris, Kentucky
300,000
Owned
Manufacturing fireplaces
Temple, Texas
395,372
Owned
Manufacturing office furniture
Temple, Texas
354,000
Leased
Warehousing office furniture
Wayland, New York
716,484
Owned
Manufacturing office furniture (1)
(1)
Also includes a regional warehouse/distribution center

Other Corporation facilities, under 200,000 square feet in size, are located in various communities throughout the United States, Canada, China, Hong Kong, India and Taiwan.  These facilities total approximately 2.6 million square feet with approximately 1.4 million square feet used for the manufacture and distribution of office furniture and approximately 1.0 million square feet for hearth products.  Of this total, approximately 1.0 million square feet are leased.  The Corporation also leases sales showroom space in office furniture market centers in several major metropolitan areas.

There are no major encumbrances on Corporation-owned properties.  Refer to Property, Plant, and Equipment in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for related cost, accumulated depreciation and net book value data.


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ITEM 3.  LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

The Corporation is involved in various kinds of disputes and legal proceedings that have arisen in the ordinary course of its business, including pending litigation, environmental remediation, taxes and other claims.  It is the Corporation’s opinion, after consultation with legal counsel, that liabilities, if any, resulting from these matters are not expected to have a material adverse effect on the Corporation’s financial condition, cash flows or on the Corporation’s quarterly or annual operating results when resolved in a future period.

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not applicable.


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TABLE I
EXECUTIVE OFFICERS OF THE REGISTRANT
January 3, 2015

Name
Age
Family
Relationship
Position
Position
Held Since
Other Business Experience
During Past Five Years
Stan A. Askren
54
None
Chairman of the Board Chief Executive Officer President
Director
2004
2004
2003
2003
 
Steven M. Bradford
57
None
Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary
2008
 
Bradley D. Determan
53
None
Executive Vice President President, Hearth & Home Technologies Group
2005
2003
President, Hearth & Home Technologies LLC (2003-2015)
Jerald K. Dittmer
57
None
Executive Vice President, President, The HON Company LLC
2008
2008
 

 
Jeffrey D. Lorenger
49
None
Executive Vice President President, HNI Contract Furniture Group
2010 2014
President, Allsteel, Inc. (2008-2014)
Donald T. Mead
55
None
Executive Vice President President, The Gunlocke Company L.L.C.
2011
2008
 
Donna D. Meade
49
None
Vice President, Member Relations
2014
Vice President, Member and Community Relations, Allsteel Inc. (2009-14); Vice President, Organizational Development, HNI (2005-2009)
Marco V. Molinari
55
None
Executive Vice President President, HNI International Inc.
2006
2003
 
Kurt A. Tjaden
51
None
Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
2008
 



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PART II

ITEM 5.  MARKET FOR REGISTRANT'S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS, AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

The Corporation’s common stock is listed for trading on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) under the trading symbol HNI.  As of year-end 2014, the Corporation had 7,232 stockholders of record.

Wells Fargo Shareowner Services, St. Paul, Minnesota, serves as the Corporation’s transfer agent and registrar of its common stock.  Shareholders may report a change of address or make inquiries by writing or calling:  Wells Fargo Shareowner Services, P.O. Box 64874, St. Paul, MN 55164-0854 or telephone 800/468-9716.

Information regarding historical sale prices of and dividends paid on the Corporation's common stock is presented in the Investor Information section which follows the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements filed as part of this report and is incorporated herein by reference.

The Corporation expects to continue its policy of paying regular quarterly cash dividends.  Dividends have been paid each quarter since the Corporation paid its first dividend in 1955.  The average dividend payout percentage for the most recent three-year period has been 82% of prior year earnings.  Future dividends are dependent on future earnings, capital requirements and the Corporation’s financial condition, and are declared in the sole discretion of the Corporation’s Board of Directors.

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities:

The following is a summary of share repurchase activity during the quarter ended January 3, 2015.
Period
 
(a) Total Number of Shares (or Units) Purchased (1)
 
(b) Average
Price Paid
per Share or
Unit
 
(c) Total Number of
Shares (or Units)
Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced
Plans or Programs
 
(d) Maximum
Number (or
Approximate
Dollar Value) of
Shares (or Units)
that May Yet be
Purchased Under
the Plans or
Programs
9/28/14 - 10/25/14
 
36,300

 
$41.61
 
36,300

 
$50,446,317
10/26/14 - 11/22/14
 
344,850

 
$45.86
 
344,850

 
$234,631,970
11/23/14 - 1/03/15
 
321,750

 
$47.41
 
321,750

 
$219,378,434
Total
 
702,900

 
 
 
702,900

 
 
(1) No shares were purchased outside of a publicly announced plan or program.

The Corporation repurchases shares under previously announced plans authorized by the Board as follows:
Plan announced November 9, 2007, providing share repurchase authorization of $200,000,000 with no specific expiration date, with increase announced November 7, 2014, providing additional share repurchase authorization of $200,000,000 with no specific expiration date.
No repurchase plans expired or were terminated during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2014, nor do any plans exist under which the Corporation does not intend to make further purchases.
 




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ITEM 6.  SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA — FIVE-YEAR SUMMARY
 
2014
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
 
2010
Per Common Share Data (Basic and Dilutive)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income (Loss) from Continuing Operations Attributable to HNI Corporation – basic
$
1.37

 
$
1.41

 
$
1.08

 
$
1.03

 
$
0.66

Income (Loss) from Continuing Operations Attributable to HNI Corporation – diluted
1.35

 
1.39

 
1.07

 
1.01

 
0.65

Net Income (Loss) Attributable to HNI Corporation – basic
1.37

 
1.41

 
1.08

 
1.03

 
0.60

Net Income (Loss) Attributable to HNI Corporation – diluted
1.35

 
1.39

 
1.07

 
1.01

 
0.59

Cash Dividends
0.99

 
0.96

 
0.95

 
0.92

 
0.86

Book Value – year-end
9.39

 
9.70

 
9.35

 
9.34

 
9.10

Net Working Capital – year-end
(0.04
)
 
0.48

 
0.29

 
1.10

 
1.14

Operating Results (Thousands of Dollars)
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Net Sales
$
2,222,695

 
$
2,059,964

 
$
2,004,003

 
$
1,833,450

 
$
1,686,728

Gross Profit as a % of Net Sales
35.3
%
 
34.7
%
 
34.4
%
 
34.9
%
 
34.7
%
Interest Expense
$
8,336

 
$
9,906

 
$
10,865

 
$
11,951

 
$
11,903

Income (Loss) from Continuing Operations
61,155

 
63,369

 
48,326

 
45,748

 
29,681

Income (Loss) from Continuing Operations as a % of Net Sales
2.8
%
 
3.1
%
 
2.4
%
 
2.5
%
 
1.8
%
Discontinued Operations
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
(2,558
)
Net Income (Loss) Attributable to HNI Corporation
61,471

 
63,683

 
48,967

 
45,986

 
26,941

Net Income (Loss) Attributable to HNI Corporation as a % of Net Sales
2.8
%
 
3.1
%
 
2.4
%
 
2.5
%
 
1.6
%
Cash Dividends
$
44,328

 
$
43,494

 
$
43,041

 
$
41,250

 
$
38,737

% Return on Average Shareholders’ Equity
14.4
%
 
14.9
%
 
11.7
%
 
11.1
%
 
6.5
%
Depreciation and Amortization
$
56,722

 
$
46,621

 
$
43,360

 
$
46,287

 
$
58,630

Financial Position (Thousands of Dollars)
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Current Assets
$
455,559

 
$
433,228

 
$
402,375

 
$
431,504

 
$
405,621

Current Liabilities
457,333

 
411,584

 
389,171

 
382,270

 
354,701

Working Capital
(1,774
)
 
21,644

 
13,204

 
49,234

 
50,920

Current Ratio
1.00

 
1.05

 
1.03

 
1.13

 
1.14

Total Assets
$
1,239,334

 
$
1,134,705

 
$
1,077,066

 
$
1,051,722

 
$
995,340

% Return on Beginning Assets Employed
9.9
%
 
9.8
%
 
8.3
%
 
8.2
%
 
5.8
%
Long-Term Debt and Capital Lease Obligations
$
197,736

 
$
150,197

 
$
150,372

 
$
150,540

 
$
150,111

Shareholders’ Equity
414,587

 
436,328

 
420,359

 
419,057

 
407,985

Current Share Data
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Number of Shares Outstanding at Year-End
44,165,676

 
44,981,865

 
44,950,703

 
44,855,207

 
44,840,701

Weighted-Average Shares Outstanding During Year – basic
44,759,716

 
45,250,665

 
45,211,385

 
44,803,248

 
44,993,934

Weighted-Average Shares Outstanding During Year – diluted
45,578,872

 
45,956,280

 
45,819,979

 
45,694,278

 
45,808,704

Number of Shareholders of Record at Year-End
7,232

 
7,538

 
7,790

 
7,259

 
7,866

Other Operational Data
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Capital Expenditures (Thousands of Dollars)
$
74,323

 
$
60,977

 
$
39,473

 
$
27,795

 
$
25,683

Members (Employees) at Year-End
10,984

 
10,310

 
10,352

 
9,490

 
8,470

2014 reflects a 53-week year
       

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ITEM 7.  MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following discussion of the Corporation’s historical results of operations and of its liquidity and capital resources should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements of the Corporation and related notes.  Statements that are not historical are forward-looking and involve risks and uncertainties, including those discussed under "Item 1A. Risk Factors" and elsewhere in this report.

Overview

The Corporation has two reportable segments:  office furniture and hearth products.  The Corporation is a leading global office furniture manufacturer and North America’s leading manufacturer and marketer of gas and wood burning fireplaces.  The Corporation utilizes its split and focus, decentralized business model to deliver value to its customers with various brands and selling models.  The Corporation is focused on growing its existing businesses while seeking out and developing new opportunities for growth.

The Corporation delivered strong top-line growth in both the office furniture and hearth products segments in 2014. Growth in the office furniture segment was led by accelerating momentum in the contract channel. The Corporation's hearth products segment leveraged its leading market position to increase sales and drive significant profit improvement as the housing market continued to recover and demand for alternative fuel products increased. The Corporation continued its disciplined approach to managing cost and made the decision to close three office furniture manufacturing facilities and consolidate production into existing facilities in 2014. The Corporation also remained committed to long-term profitable growth across its core businesses and increased the amount of focused investments in selling, marketing, manufacturing and product initiatives. The Corporation completed the acquisition of Vermont Castings Group ("VCG"), a manufacturer of free-standing hearth stoves and fireplaces, during the fourth quarter of 2014.
 
Net sales during 2014 were $2.2 billion, an increase of 7.9 percent, compared to net sales of $2.1 billion in 2013. The sales increase was driven by increased volume in both the supplies-driven and contract channels of the office furniture segment as well as both the new construction and remodel/retrofit channels of the hearth products segment. Fiscal 2014 included 53 weeks compared to 52 weeks in 2013. Due to the Corporation's holiday schedule and production shutdowns, the extra week had minimal impact on net sales and operating income.

The Corporation recorded $29.4 million of goodwill and intangible impairment charges during 2014 related to reporting units in the office furniture segment acquired over the past four years due to current and projected market conditions and product and operational transformation.

Management is optimistic about the office furniture and hearth markets. The Corporation will continue to invest in selling, marketing and product initiatives and remain focused on improving operations and reducing cost.



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Results of Operations

The following table sets forth the percentage of consolidated net sales represented by certain items reflected in the Corporation’s Consolidated Statements of Income for the periods indicated.

Fiscal
2014
 
2013
 
2012
Net Sales
100.0
 %
 
100.0
 %
 
100.0
 %
Cost of products sold
64.7

 
65.3

 
65.6

Gross profit
35.3

 
34.7

 
34.4

Selling and administrative expenses
29.2

 
29.4

 
29.9

(Gain) loss on sale of assets
(0.5
)
 
0.1

 

Restructuring related charges
1.5

 

 
0.1

Operating income
5.1

 
5.1

 
4.4

Interest income (expense) net
(0.4
)
 
(0.5
)
 
(0.5
)
Income before income taxes
4.7

 
4.7

 
3.9

Income taxes
2.0

 
1.6

 
1.5

Net income attributable to the noncontrolling interest

 

 

Net income attributable to HNI Corporation
2.8
 %
 
3.1
 %
 
2.4
 %

Net Sales

Net sales during 2014 were $2.2 billion, an increase of 7.9 percent, compared to net sales of $2.1 billion in 2013.   Both the office furniture segment and the hearth products segment experienced better price realization and increased volume. Compared to the prior year, the acquisition of VCG net of divestitures of several small businesses, including office furniture dealers, increased sales $7.5 million. Fiscal 2014 included 53 weeks compared to 52 weeks in 2013. Due to the Corporation's holiday schedule and production shutdowns, the extra week had minimal impact on net sales and operating income.

Net sales during 2013 were $2.1 billion, an increase of 2.8 percent, compared to net sales of $2.0 billion in 2012.  The office furniture segment experienced better price realization and increased volume in commercial markets offset by a 28 percent decline in sales to the federal government. The hearth products segment experienced increased volume and better price realization in both the new construction and remodel/retrofit channels. Compared to prior year, divestitures of several small businesses, including office furniture dealers, partially offset by the acquisition of BP Ergo, reduced sales $27.5 million.

Gross Profit

Gross profit as a percent of net sales increased 60 basis points in 2014 as compared to 2013 due to higher volume, better price realization and strong operational performance offset partially by unfavorable product mix, investments in operations, higher warranty costs and increased restructuring and transition costs.  Gross profit as a percent of net sales increased 30 basis points in 2013 as compared to 2012 due to higher volume, better price realization and lower material costs offset partially by unfavorable mix, new product ramp-up and operation reconfiguration costs to meet changing market demand.

Selling and Administrative Expenses

Selling and administrative expenses increased 7.0 percent in 2014 and 1.1 percent in 2013.  The increase in 2014 was due to volume related expenses, increased freight costs due to carrier capacity constraints, investments in selling and growth initiatives, increased group medical costs, higher incentive-based compensation and costs associated with an acquisition. The increase in 2013 was due to volume related expenses, investments in selling and growth initiatives and higher incentive-based compensation.  

Selling and administrative expenses include freight expense for shipments to customers, product development costs and amortization expense of intangible assets.  Refer to Summary of Significant Accounting Policies and Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further information regarding the comparative expense levels for these items.

Gain/Loss on Sale of Assets

The Corporation realized gains totaling $10.7 million on the sale of two facilities and California air emission credits in 2014. The

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Corporation realized a $2.5 million loss on the sale of a non-core office furniture business in 2013.


Restructuring and Impairment Charges

During 2014, the Corporation made decisions to close three office furniture manufacturing facilities located in Florence, Alabama, Chicago, Illinois and Nalagarh, India and consolidate production into existing office furniture manufacturing facilities. In connection with these decisions the Corporation recorded $8.8 million of pre-tax charges which included $5.2 million of accelerated depreciation on machinery and equipment recorded in cost of sales and $3.6 million of severance and facility exit costs which were recorded as restructuring charges during the year. The closure and consolidation of these facilities is expected to be substantially completed by the first quarter of 2015. The Corporation anticipates additional restructuring costs of approximately $1 million related to these closures during 2015.

During 2011, the Corporation made the decision to transition out of its Lithia Springs, Georgia office furniture distribution center and the transition was completed in the fourth quarter of 2012. In addition, during 2011, the Corporation made the decision to consolidate some office furniture manufacturing production from its Hickory, North Carolina facility into its Wayland, New York facility. During 2012, the Corporation recorded current period charges which included $0.3 million of accelerated depreciation of machinery and equipment recorded in cost of sales and $1.5 million of severance and facility exit costs recorded as restructuring costs. These included impairment of leasehold improvements of $0.2 million which was a non-cash transaction.
 
During 2010, the Corporation completed the shutdown of an office furniture facility in South Gate, California and consolidated production into existing office furniture manufacturing facilities.  During 2012 and 2013, the Corporation incurred $0.4 million and $0.3 million of current period charges due to ongoing costs related to a vacant building recorded as restructuring costs, respectively.

The Corporation recorded $29.4 million of goodwill and intangible impairments in 2014 related to two recently acquired reporting units in the office furniture segment due to current and projected market conditions and costs associated with product and operational transformation.

Operating Income

Operating income increased $6.9 million to $112.8 million in 2014, compared to $106.0 million in 2013.  The increase was due to higher volume, better price realization, strong operational performance and gains on sale of assets. These were offset partially by investments in operations, unfavorable product mix, increased warranty costs, higher freight costs due to carrier capacity constraints, increased group medical costs, higher incentive-based compensation and restructuring, impairment and transition costs. Operating income increased $18.4 million to $106.0 million in 2013, compared to $87.6 million in 2012. The increase was due to higher volume, better price realization, lower material costs and distribution network realignment savings and lower restructuring costs. These were offset partially by new product ramp-up, facility reconfiguration to meet changing market demands, selling, marketing and product initiatives, higher incentive-based compensation and a loss on the sale of a small non-core business.  

Income Taxes

The provision for income taxes reflect an effective tax rate of 41.7 percent, 34.5 percent and 37.7 percent for 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively. The current year increase in the effective tax rate was primarily driven by the non-deductibility of goodwill impairment. On December 19, 2014 the Tax Increase Prevention Act of 2014 was signed into law which extended several expired tax incentives including the Research Tax Credit and bonus depreciation. The impact of this legislation, resulting in a benefit of $2.6 million, was recorded in the fourth quarter of 2014. The decrease in 2013 was primarily driven by the federal research and development credit extension which was effective from January 2, 2013, resulting in both the 2012 and 2013 related credits of $1.3 million each being recognized in fiscal 2013.

Net Income Attributable to HNI Corporation

Net income attributable to HNI Corporation decreased 3.5 percent to $61.5 million in 2014 compared to $63.7 million in 2013 and $49.0 million in 2012.  Net income per diluted share decreased 2.9 percent to $1.35 in 2014 compared to $1.39 in 2013 and $1.07 in 2012.  




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Office Furniture

Office furniture comprised 78 percent, 82 percent and 84 percent of consolidated net sales for 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively.  Net sales for office furniture increased $53.8 million or 3.2 percent in 2014 to $1.739 billion compared to $1.685 billion in 2013 including increased price realization of $36 million. Compared to prior year, divestitures of several small businesses, including office furniture dealers, reduced sales by $17.7 million. The Corporation experienced growth in both the supplies-driven and contract channels.

Net sales for office furniture decreased $2.1 million or 0.1 percent in 2013 to $1.685 billion compared to $1.687 billion in 2012 including increased price realization of $30 million.  Compared to prior year, divestitures of several small businesses, including office furniture dealers, partially offset by the acquisition of BP Ergo, reduced sales by $27.5 million. The Corporation experienced growth in both the supplies-driven and contract channels which was more than offset by a large decline in sales to the federal government. BIFMA reported 2014 shipments up 4 percent from 2013 levels which were up 1 percent from 2012 levels.

Operating profit as a percent of net sales was 5.0 percent in 2014, 5.8 percent in 2013 and 5.4 percent in 2012.  The decrease in operating margins in 2014 was due to unfavorable product mix, investment in operations, higher freight costs due to carrier capacity constraints, increased incentive-based compensation, restructuring charges, goodwill and intangible impairments and transition costs. These were partially offset by higher volume, better price realization, strong operational performance and gains on sale of assets. The increase in operating margins in 2013 was due to better price realization, lower material costs, distribution network realignment savings and lower restructuring costs. These were partially offset by unfavorable mix, new product ramp-up, facility reconfiguration costs to meet changing market demands and loss on the sale of a small non-core business.

Hearth Products

Hearth products sales increased $108.9 million or 29.1 percent in 2014 to $484 million compared to $375 million in 2013 including increased price realization of $6 million and incremental sales from the VCG acquisition of $25 million. The sales increase was also due to an increase in both the new construction channel due to the continued housing market recovery and the remodel/retrofit channel due to strong biofuel product sales.

Hearth products sales increased 18.3 percent in 2013 to $375 million compared to $317 million in 2012 including increased price realization of $5 million. The sales increase was also due to an increase in the new construction channel due to housing market recovery and the remodel/retrofit channel due to strong remodeling activity.  

Operating profit as a percent of sales in 2014 was 15.9 percent compared to 12.5 percent in 2013 and 8.4 percent in 2012.  The increase in operating margins in 2014 was due to higher volume and better price realization. These were partially offset by increased material costs, higher warranty expense, increased incentive-based compensation and impact of the acquisition. The increase in operating margins in 2013 was due to higher volume, better price realization and lower material costs. These were partially offset by investments in growth initiatives and higher incentive-based compensation.   


Liquidity and Capital Resources

Cash Flow – Operating Activities

Cash generated from operating activities in 2014 totaled $167.8 million compared to $165.0 million generated in 2013.  Changes in working capital balances resulted in a $3.7 million use of cash in 2014 compared to $11.5 million source of cash in the prior year. Cash generated from operating activities in 2012 totaled $144.8 million and changes in working capital balances resulted in a $32.9 million source of cash.

The use of cash related to working capital balance in 2014 was primarily driven from higher inventory of $23.4 million due to strategic initiatives, impact of west coast port congestion and timing of shipments. This use of cash was offset partially by an $8.6 million decrease in trade receivables due to strong collection efforts and timing and a $15.7 million increase in current liabilities. The increase in current liabilities is comprised of a $15.0 million increase in trade accounts payable, an $11.9 million increase in other accruals, namely compensation, benefit and marketing accruals offset by an $11.2 million decrease in tax related accruals.

The source of cash related to working capital balances in 2013 was primarily driven from lower inventory of $1.6 million and increased current liabilities of $30.4 million. The increase in current liabilities is comprised of a $14.6 million increase in trade accounts payable, an $11.3 million increase in other accruals, namely compensation, marketing and freight expense accruals and

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a $4.5 million increase in tax-related accruals. These sources of cash were offset partially by a $21.0 million increase in trade receivables due to increased sales during the fourth quarter.

The source of cash related to working capital balances in 2012 was primarily driven from lower inventory of $9.5 million and increased current liabilities of $32.2 million. The increase in current liabilities is comprised of a $25.4 million increase in trade accounts payable, a $2.1 million increase in other accruals, namely compensation and marketing expense accruals and a $4.7 million increase in tax-related accruals. These sources of cash were offset partially by a $7.0 million increase in trade receivables due to increased sales during the fourth quarter.

The Corporation places special emphasis on management and control of working capital with a particular focus on trade receivables and inventory levels.  The success achieved in managing receivables is in large part a result of doing business with quality customers and maintaining close communication with them.  Management believes recorded trade receivable valuation allowances at the end of 2014 are adequate to cover the risk of potential bad debts.  Allowances for non-collectible trade receivables, as a percent of gross trade receivables, totaled 2.1 percent, 2.6 percent and 2.4 percent at the end of fiscal years 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively. The Corporation’s inventory turns were 12, 15 and 14, for fiscal years 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively. The decrease in current year inventory turns was due to strategic initiatives, west coast port congestion and timing of shipments.

Cash Flow – Investing Activities

Capital expenditures, including capitalized software, were $112.7 million in 2014, $78.9 million in 2013 and $60.3 million in 2012.  These expenditures continue to focus on machinery, equipment and tooling required to support new products, continuous improvements in our manufacturing processes and cost savings initiatives as well as the implementation of new integrated information systems to support business process transformation.  The Corporation anticipates capital expenditures for 2015 to total $110 million to $115 million, primarily related to new products, operational process improvements and capabilities and the business process transformation project referred to above.

In 2014, the investing activities reflected a net cash outflow of $61.8 million related to the acquisition of VCG. The acquisition of VCG adds brands, strong customer relationships and quality products to the Corporation's Hearth and Home Technologies business. In 2012, the investing activities reflected a net cash outflow of $25.5 million related to the acquisition of BP Ergo and $1.5 million related to the acquisition of a pellet stove business. The addition of BP Ergo provides the Corporation a presence in the India office furniture market. Refer to the Business Combination note in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.   

In 2014, the Corporation completed the sales of a facility located in South Gate, California, a facility and equipment located in Chicago, Illinois and California air emission credits. The proceeds from these sales of $16 million are reflected in the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows as “Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment” for 2014.

Cash Flow – Financing Activities

On September 28, 2011, the Corporation amended and restated its existing revolving credit facility dated June 11, 2010. The Corporation increased its borrowing capacity from $150 million to $250 million and has the option to increase its borrowing capacity by an additional $100 million. The Corporation also extended the term to the earlier of (i) September 28, 2016 or (ii) the date 90 days prior to the maturity date of the Corporation's senior notes (April 6, 2016), subject to certain exceptions. The Corporation effectively decreased interest costs. Amounts borrowed under the credit agreement may be borrowed, repaid and reborrowed from time to time. The Corporation paid approximately $1.2 million of debt issuance costs that are being amortized straight-line over the term of the credit agreement. During 2014 net borrowings under the revolving credit facility peaked at $60 million. As of January 3, 2015, there was $47.7 million outstanding under the revolving credit facility classified as long-term as the Corporation does not expect to repay the borrowings within a year.

In 2006, the Corporation refinanced $150 million of borrowings outstanding under its prior revolving credit facility with 5.54 percent, ten-year unsecured Senior Notes due in 2016 issued through the private placement debt market.  Interest payments are due semi-annually on April 1 and October 1 of each year and the principal is due in a lump sum in 2016. The Corporation currently expects to be able to refinance the debt under is credit facility and its Senior Notes when given its past history. However, if there is a deterioration in the credit markets, the Corporation's ability to refinance such debt may be adversely affected.

Additional borrowing capacity of $250 million is available through the revolving credit facility in the event cash generated from operations should be inadequate to meet future needs.  The Corporation does not currently expect access to future capital to be a constraint on planned growth.  Long-term debt, including capital lease obligations, was 32%, 26% and 26% of total capitalization as of January 3, 2015, December 28, 2013 and December 29, 2012, respectively.

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The credit agreement governing the revolving credit facility and the note purchase agreement pertaining to the Senior Notes contain covenants that, among other things, restrict, subject to certain exceptions, our ability to:
incur additional indebtedness and lease obligations and make guarantees;
create liens on assets;
engage in any material line of business substantially different from existing lines of business;
sell assets;
make investments, loans and advances, including acquisitions;
engage in sale-leaseback transactions in excess of $50 million in the aggregate;
repay the Senior Notes or enter into certain amendments thereof; and
engage in certain transactions with affiliates.

The credit agreement governing the revolving credit facility contains a number of covenants, including covenants requiring maintenance of the following financial ratios as of the end of any fiscal quarter:
a consolidated interest coverage ratio of not less than 4.0 to 1.0, based upon the ratio of (a) consolidated EBITDA (as defined in the credit agreement) for the last four fiscal quarters to (b) the sum of consolidated interest charges; and
a consolidated leverage ratio of not greater than 3.0 to 1.0, based upon the ratio of (a) the quarter-end consolidated funded indebtedness (as defined in the credit agreement) to (b) consolidated EBITDA for the last four fiscal quarters; or
a consolidated leverage ratio of not greater than 3.5 to 1.0, based upon the ratio of (a) the quarter-end consolidated funded indebtedness to (b) consolidated EBITDA for the last four fiscal quarters following any qualifying debt financed acquisition.

The note purchase agreement governing the Senior Notes also contains a number of covenants, including a covenant requiring maintenance of consolidated debt to consolidated EBITDA (as defined in the note purchase agreement) of not greater than 3.5 to 1.0, based upon the ratio of (a) the quarter-end consolidated funded indebtedness (as defined in the note purchase agreement) to (b) consolidated EBITDA for the last four fiscal quarters.

The revolving credit facility and Senior Notes are the primary sources of committed funding from which the Corporation finances its planned capital expenditures, strategic initiatives such as repurchases of common stock and certain working capital needs.  Non-compliance with the various financial covenant ratios could prevent the Corporation from being able to access further borrowings under the revolving credit facility, require immediate repayment of all amounts outstanding with respect to the revolving credit facility and Senior Notes and increase the cost of borrowing.

The most restrictive of the financial covenants is the consolidated leverage ratio requirement of 3.0 to 1.0 included in the credit agreement governing the revolving credit facility.  Under the credit agreement, adjusted EBITDA is defined as consolidated net income before interest expense, income taxes and depreciation and amortization of intangibles, as well as non-cash nonrecurring charges and all non-cash items increasing net income.  At January 3, 2015, the Corporation was well below this ratio at 1.14 and was in compliance with all of the covenants and other restrictions in the credit agreement and note purchase agreement.  The Corporation currently expects to remain in compliance over the next twelve months.

During 2014, the Corporation repurchased 1,665,850 shares of its common stock at a cost of approximately $67.9 million, or an average price of $40.76 per share. The Board authorized $200 million on November 9, 2007, and an additional $200 million on November 7, 2014, for repurchases of the Corporation’s common stock.  As of January 3, 2015 approximately $219.4 million of this authorized amount remained unspent.   During 2013, the Corporation repurchased 740,000 shares of its common stock at a cost of approximately $27.5 million, or an average price of $37.15 per share. During 2012, the Corporation repurchased 800,000 shares of its common stock at a cost of approximately $21.0 million, or an average price of $26.28 per share.       

A cash dividend has been paid every quarter since April 15, 1955, and quarterly dividends are expected to continue.  Cash dividends were $0.99 per common share for 2014, $0.96 for 2013 and $0.95 for 2012.  The last quarterly dividend increase was from $0.24 to $0.25 per common share effective with the May 30, 2014 dividend payment for shareholders of record at the close of business on May 16, 2014.  The average dividend payout percentage for the most recent three-year period has been 82 percent of prior year earnings or 29 percent of prior year cash flow from operating activities.

Cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments totaled $37.2 million at the end of 2014 compared to $72.3 million at the end of 2013 and $49.0 million at the end of 2012.  These funds, coupled with cash from future operations, borrowing capacity under the existing facility and the ability to access capital markets are expected to be adequate to fund operations and satisfy cash flow needs for at least the next twelve months.  As of the end of 2014, $17.1 million of cash was held overseas and considered permanently

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reinvested. If such amounts were repatriated it could result in additional tax expense to the Corporation. The Corporation does not believe asserting this cash as permanently reinvested will have any impact on its liquidity.

Contractual Obligations
The following table discloses the Corporation’s obligations and commitments to make future payments under contracts:
 
Payments Due by Period
(In thousands)
Total

 
Less than
1 Year

 
1 – 3
Years

 
3 – 5
Years

 
More than
5 Years

Long-term debt obligations, including estimated interest (1)
$
209,679

 
$
9,222

 
$
200,457

 
$

 
$

Capital lease obligations
108

 
108

 

 

 

Operating lease obligations
91,692

 
28,811

 
36,623

 
15,213

 
11,045

Purchase obligations (2)
68,040

 
68,040

 

 

 

Other long-term obligations (3)
48,630

 
4,420

 
12,318

 
3,412

 
28,480

Total
$
418,149

 
$
110,601

 
$
249,398

 
$
18,625

 
$
39,525

(1)
Interest has been included for all debt at the fixed or variable rate in effect as of January 3, 2015, as applicable.
(2)
Purchase obligations include agreements to purchase goods or services that are enforceable, legally binding and specify all significant terms, including the quantity to be purchased, the price to be paid and the timing of the purchase.
(3)
Other long-term obligations represent payments due to members who are participants in the Corporation’s deferred and long-term incentive compensation programs, liability for unrecognized tax liabilities and contribution and benefit payments expected to be made pursuant to the Corporation’s post-retirement benefit plans.  It should be noted the obligations related to post-retirement benefit plans are not contractual and the plans could be amended at the discretion of the Corporation.  The disclosure of contributions and benefit payments has been limited to 10 years, as information beyond this time period was not available.

Litigation and Uncertainties
The Corporation is involved in various kinds of disputes and legal proceedings that have arisen in the ordinary course of business, including pending litigation, environmental remediation, taxes and other claims.  It is the Corporation’s opinion, after consultation with legal counsel, that additional liabilities, if any, resulting from these matters are not expected to have a material adverse effect on the Corporation’s financial condition, cash flows or on the Corporation’s quarterly or annual operating results when resolved in a future period.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

The Corporation does not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future
material effect on the Corporation's financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures
or capital resources.


Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

General

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations is based upon the Consolidated Financial Statements, prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP").  The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities.  Management bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources.  Senior management has discussed the development, selection and disclosure of these estimates with the Audit Committee of the Board. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.


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An accounting policy is deemed to be critical if it requires an accounting estimate be made based on assumptions about matters uncertain at the time the estimate is made, and if different estimates that reasonably could have been used, or changes in the accounting estimates that are reasonably likely to occur periodically, could materially impact the financial statements.  Management believes the following critical accounting policies reflect its more significant estimates and assumptions used in the preparation of the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Fiscal year-end – The Corporation follows a 52/53-week fiscal year which ends on the Saturday nearest December 31.  Fiscal year 2014 ended on January 3, 2015; 2013 ended on December 28, 2013; and 2012 ended on December 29, 2012.  The financial statements for fiscal year 2014 are on a 53-week basis. The financial statements for fiscal years 2013 and 2012 are on a 52-week basis. A 53-week year occurs approximately every sixth year.

Revenue recognition – Sales of office furniture and hearth products are generally recognized when title transfers and the risks and rewards of ownership have passed to customers. Typically title and risk of ownership transfer when the product is shipped. In certain circumstances, title and risk of ownership do not transfer until the goods are received by the customer or upon installation or customer acceptance.  Revenue includes freight charged to customers; related costs are included in selling and administrative expense.  Rebates, discounts and other marketing program expenses directly related to the sale are recorded as a reduction to sales.  Marketing program accruals require the use of management estimates and the consideration of contractual arrangements subject to interpretation.  Customer sales that achieve or do not achieve certain award levels can affect the amount of such estimates, and actual results could differ from these estimates.  Future market conditions may require increased incentive offerings, possibly resulting in an incremental reduction in net sales at the time the incentive is offered.

Allowance for doubtful accounts receivable – The allowance for doubtful accounts receivable is based on several factors, including overall customer credit quality, historical write-off experience, the length of time a receivable has been outstanding and specific account analysis that projects the ultimate collectability of the account.  As such, these factors may change over time causing the Corporation to adjust the reserve level accordingly.

When the Corporation determines a customer is unlikely to pay, a charge is recorded to bad debt expense in the income statement and the allowance for doubtful accounts is increased.  When the Corporation is reasonably certain the customer cannot pay, the receivable is written off by removing the accounts receivable amount and reducing the allowance for doubtful accounts accordingly.

As of January 3, 2015, there was approximately $245 million in outstanding accounts receivable and $5 million recorded in the allowance for doubtful accounts to cover potential future customer non-payments.  However, if economic conditions deteriorate significantly or one of the Corporation’s large customers declares bankruptcy, a larger allowance for doubtful accounts might be necessary.  The allowance for doubtful accounts was approximately $6 million at year-end 2013.

Inventory valuation – Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market. Cost is principally determined using the last-in, first-out ("LIFO") method. The value of inventories on the LIFO basis represented about 71% and 74% of total inventories at January 3, 2015 and December 28, 2013, respectively. If the first-in, first-out ("FIFO") method had been in use, inventories would have been $28.0 million and $27.7 million higher than reported at January 3, 2015 and December 28, 2013, respectively.

Long-lived assets - The Corporation reviews long-lived assets for impairment as events or changes in circumstances occur indicating the amount of the asset reflected in the Corporation’s balance sheet may not be recoverable.  The Corporation compares an estimate of undiscounted cash flows produced by the asset, or the appropriate group of assets, to the carrying value to determine whether impairment exists.  The estimates of future cash flows involve considerable management judgment and are based upon the Corporation’s assumptions about future operating performance.  The actual cash flows could differ from management’s estimates due to changes in business conditions, operating performance and economic conditions.  Asset impairment charges associated with the Corporation’s restructuring activities are discussed in Restructuring Related and Impairment Charges in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

The Corporation’s continuous focus on improving the manufacturing process tends to increase the likelihood of assets being replaced; therefore, the Corporation is regularly evaluating the expected useful lives of its equipment which can result in accelerated depreciation.

Goodwill and other intangibles – The Corporation evaluates its goodwill for impairment on an annual basis during the fourth quarter or whenever indicators of impairment exist.  The Corporation had nine reporting units within its office furniture and hearth products operating segments, which contained goodwill during the fourth quarter analysis.  These reporting units constitute components for which discrete financial information is available and regularly reviewed by segment management.   The accounting standards for goodwill permit entities to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is more likely than not the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount as a basis for determining whether it is necessary to perform a two-step goodwill

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impairment test. The Corporation did not elect to use the qualitative assessment in 2014. The Corporation performed a two-step goodwill impairment test for all reporting units. In estimating the fair value of its reporting units, the Corporation relied on an average of the income approach and the market approach. In the income approach, the estimate of fair value of each reporting unit is based on management’s projection of revenues, gross margin, operating costs and cash flows considering historical and estimated future results, general economic and market conditions as well as the impact of planned business and operational strategies.  The valuations employ present value techniques to measure fair value and consider market factors.   In the market approach, the Corporation utilized the guideline company method, which involved calculating valuation multiples based on operating data from guideline publicly-traded companies. These multiples were then applied to the operating data for the reporting units and adjusted for factors similar to those used in the discounted cash flow analysis. Management believes the assumptions used for the impairment test are consistent with those utilized by a market participant in performing similar valuations of its reporting units.  Management bases its fair value estimates on assumptions they believe to be reasonable at the time, but such assumptions are subject to inherent uncertainty.  Actual results may differ from those estimates.  

If the fair value of the reporting unit is less than its carrying value, an additional step is required to determine the implied fair value of goodwill associated with that reporting unit.  The implied fair value of goodwill is determined by first allocating the fair value of the reporting unit to all of its assets and liabilities and then computing the excess of the reporting unit’s fair value over the amounts assigned to the assets and liabilities.  If the carrying value of goodwill exceeds the implied fair value of goodwill, such excess represents the amount of goodwill impairment and, accordingly, such impairment is recognized.

The decision to close a facility and exit a product line as well as lower expected growth than projected at one of the Corporation's recently acquired reporting units in the office furniture segment were identified as a triggering event for purposes of long-lived asset and goodwill impairment testing during the second quarter of 2014. As a result the Corporation recognized pre-tax goodwill impairment expense of $8.9 million during the second quarter of 2014. The remaining net goodwill as of January 3, 2015 for this reporting unit was $3 million.

As a result of the required annual impairment assessment performed in the fourth quarter of 2014, the Corporation determined the fair value of a different recently acquired reporting unit within the office furniture segment was below its carrying value. The decline in the estimated fair value of this reporting unit was largely driven by lower than expected operating performance in 2014. The projections used in the impairment model reflected management's assumptions regarding revenue growth rates, economic and market trends, cost structure, investments required for sales force and operation transformation and other expectations about the anticipated short-term and long-term operating results of the reporting unit. Based on the two-step analysis, the Corporation recorded a $13.9 million goodwill impairment charge in 2014, and there was no remaining net goodwill in the reporting unit as of January 3, 2015. Additionally, the Corporation tested the recoverability of the long-lived assets, other than goodwill, which included definite-lived intangibles assets consisting of customer lists and trade names, and recorded an impairment charge of $6.6 million.
Based on the results of the annual impairment tests, the Corporation concluded that no other goodwill impairment existed apart from the impairment charges discussed above. For all other reporting units included in the annual two-step impairment test except one, the estimated fair value is significantly in excess of carrying value. The one reporting unit within the office furniture segment that incurred an impairment charge in the second quarter of 2014, exceeded is carrying value by approximately 2 percent as of the end of fiscal 2014.
For the office furniture reporting unit that exceeded its carrying value by approximately 2 percent, the Corporation assumed a discount rate of 11.0 percent, near term growth rates ranging from negative 4.1 percent to positive 11.0 percent and a terminal growth rate of 3 percent. The fair value model assumes continued positive economic momentum and transformation of the reporting unit including sales and marketing initiatives, new product development and operational processes. Holding other assumptions constant a 100 basis point increase in the discount rate would result in a $2 million decrease in the estimated fair value of the reporting unit and a 100 basis point decrease in the long-term growth rate would result in a $1 million decrease in the estimated fair value of the reporting unit. Either of these scenarios individually would result in the reporting unit failing step one.

Assessing the fair value of goodwill includes, among other things, making key assumptions for estimating future cash flows and appropriate market multiples. These assumptions are subject to a high degree of judgment and complexity. The Corporation makes every effort to estimate future cash flows as accurately as possible with the information available at the time the forecast is developed. However, changes in assumptions and estimates may affect the estimated fair value of the reporting unit, and could result in an impairment charge in future periods. Factors that have the potential to create variances in the estimated fair value of the reporting unit include but are not limited to economic conditions in the U.S. and other countries where the Corporation has a presence, competitor behavior, the mix of product sales, commodity costs, wage rates, the level of manufacturing capacity, the pricing environment and currency exchange fluctuations. In addition, estimates of fair value are impacted by estimates of the market-participant derived weighted average cost of capital.

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Additionally, the Corporation compared the estimated aggregate fair value of its reporting units to its overall market capitalization.

Goodwill of approximately $279 million remains on the consolidated balance sheet as of the end of fiscal 2014.

The Corporation also evaluates the fair value of indefinite-lived trade names on an annual basis during the fourth quarter or whenever indication of impairment exists.  The Corporation performed its fiscal 2014 assessment of indefinite lived trade names during the fourth quarter.  The estimate of the fair value of the trade names was based on a discounted cash flow model using inputs which included:  projected revenues from management’s long-term plan, assumed royalty rates that could be payable if the trade names were not owned and a discount rate.  As a result of the review performed in the fourth quarter of 2014, the Corporation determined the fair value of all trade names exceeded the respective carrying value and, therefore no impairment was recorded. A carrying value of all indefinite-lived trade names of approximately $41 million remains on the consolidated balance sheet at the end of fiscal 2014.

For all trade names except one, the estimated fair value significantly exceeds carrying value. One trade name within the office furniture segment exceeded its carrying value by approximately 6 percent and had a carrying value of $11.2 million. For this trade name the Corporation assumed a discount rate of 13 percent, terminal growth rate of 3 percent and a royalty rate of 2.5 percent. Holding other assumptions constant, a nominal change in the discount rate or royalty rate could trigger an impairment.

The Corporation has definite-lived intangibles that are amortized over their estimated useful lives.  Impairment losses are recognized if the carrying amount of an intangible, subject to amortization, is not recoverable from expected future cash flows and its carrying amount exceeds its fair value. As previously discussed, the Corporation recorded a fourth quarter impairment charge of $6.6 million for definite-lived intangibles associated with a recently acquired office furniture reporting unit in 2014.  Intangibles, net of amortization, of approximately $141 million are included on the consolidated balance sheet as of the end of fiscal 2014.

Key to recoverability of goodwill, indefinite-lived intangibles and long-lived assets is the forecast of the speed and magnitude of the economic recovery and its impact on future revenues, operating margins and cash flows.  Management’s projection for the U.S. office furniture and domestic hearth markets and global economic conditions is inherently subject to a number of uncertain factors, such as global economic improvement, the U.S housing market, credit availability and borrowing rates, and overall consumer confidence.  In the near term, as management monitors the above factors, it is possible it may change the revenue and cash flow projections of certain reporting units, which may require the recording of additional asset impairment charges.
  
Self-insured reserves – The Corporation is primarily self-insured or carries high deductibles for general, auto, and product liability; workers’ compensation; and certain employee health benefits.  The general, auto, product, and workers’ compensation liabilities are managed via a wholly-owned insurance captive; the related liabilities are included in the accompanying financial statements.  As of January 3, 2015, those liabilities totaled $29 million.  The Corporation’s policy is to accrue amounts in accordance with the actuarially determined liabilities.  The actuarial valuations are based on historical information along with certain assumptions about future events.  Changes in assumptions for such matters as the number or severity of claims, medical cost inflation, and magnitude of change in actual experience development could cause these estimates to change in the near term.

Stock-based compensation – The Corporation measures the cost of employee services in exchange for an award of equity instruments based on the grant-date fair value of the award and recognizes cost over the requisite service period.  This resulted in a cost of approximately $8.6 million in 2014, $7.5 million in 2013 and $6.4 million in 2012.  

Income taxes – The provision for income taxes is determined using the asset and liability approach taking into account guidance related to uncertain tax positions. Deferred income taxes are provided for the temporary differences between the financial reporting basis and the tax basis of the Corporation’s assets and liabilities.  The Corporation provides for taxes that may be payable if undistributed earnings of overseas subsidiaries were to be remitted to the United States, except for those earnings that it considers to be permanently reinvested.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In July 2013, the FASB issued accounting guidance on the financial statement presentation of an unrecognized tax benefit when
a net operating loss carryforward, or similar tax loss, or a tax carryforward exists. The guidance was effective for annual
reporting periods beginning on or after December 15, 2013, and interim periods within those annual periods. The Corporation adopted the guidance effective December 29, 2013, the beginning of the Corporation's 2014 fiscal year. The guidance did not have a material impact on the Corporation's financial statements.


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In April 2014, the FASB issued accounting guidance which changes the criteria for determining which disposals can be presented as discontinued operations and modifies related disclosure requirements. The guidance will be effective for fiscal years beginning on or after December 15, 2014 and interim periods within those annual periods with early adoption allowed. This guidance would impact the Corporation's consolidated results of operations and financial condition only in the instance of a disposal under this guidance.

In May 2014, the FASB issued accounting guidance which outlines a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers. The core principle of the revenue model is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The guidance will be effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2016. Early adoption is not permitted. The Corporation is currently evaluating the impact of adopting this standard and the method of adoption on its financial statements.


Looking Ahead

Management remains optimistic about the office furniture and hearth markets and the Corporation's long-term prospects.

The Corporation remains focused on creating long-term shareholder value by growing its business through investment in building brands, product solutions and selling models, enhancing its strong member-owner culture and remaining focused on its long-standing rapid continuous improvement programs to build best total cost and a lean enterprise.


ITEM 7A.  QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

During the normal course of business, the Corporation is subjected to market risk associated with interest rate movements.  Interest rate risk arises from our variable interest debt obligations.  For information related to the Corporation’s long-term debt, refer to the Long-Term Debt disclosure in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements filed as part of this report.  The Corporation does not currently have any interest rate swap agreements in place. The Corporation does not currently have any significant foreign currency exposure.

The Corporation began using derivative instruments to mitigate the volatility of diesel fuel prices and related fuel surcharges, and not to speculate on the future price of diesel fuel, in April of 2010. The hedging instruments consist of a series of financially settled fixed forward contracts with expiration dates ranging up to twelve months. At January 3, 2015, the effect on the consolidated balance sheet was insignificant. The effect on the consolidated statement of income for the year ended January 3, 2015 was an increase in operating expense of $0.1 million.
 
The Corporation is exposed to risks arising from price changes for certain direct materials and assembly components used in its operations.  The most significant material purchases and cost for the Corporation are for steel, plastics, textiles, wood particleboard and cartoning.  Steel, aluminum and wood/wood related products are the most significant raw material used in the manufacturing of products.  The market price of plastics and textiles in particular are sensitive to the cost of oil and natural gas.  The cost of wood particleboard has been impacted by continued downsizing of production capacity as well as increased volatility in input and transportation costs.  All of these materials are impacted increasingly by global market pressure.  The Corporation works to offset these increased costs through global sourcing initiatives, product re-engineering and price increases on its products; however, historically, margins have been negatively impacted due to the lag between cost increases and the Corporation’s ability to increase its prices.  The Corporation believes future market price increases on its key direct materials and assembly components are likely.  Consequently, it views the prospect of such increases as an outlook risk to the business.


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ITEM 8.  FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

The financial statements listed under Item 15(a)(1) and (2) are filed as part of this report and are incorporated herein by reference.

The Summary of Unaudited Quarterly Results of Operations follows the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements filed as part of this report and are incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 9.  CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

None.

ITEM 9A.  CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Corporation in the reports it files or submits under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”) is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms.  Disclosure controls and procedures are also designed to ensure information is accumulated and communicated to management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures.

Under the supervision and with the participation of management, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer of the Corporation have evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Corporation’s disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Rules 13a – 15(e) and 15d – 15(e) under the Exchange Act.  As of January 3, 2015, and, based on their evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded these controls and procedures are effective.  There have not been any changes in the Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the fiscal quarter ended January 3, 2015 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting.

Management’s annual report on internal control over financial reporting and the attestation report of the Corporation’s independent registered public accounting firm are included in Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules of this report under the headings “Management Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting” and “Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm,” respectively and management's annual report is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 9B.  OTHER INFORMATION

None.


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PART III

ITEM 10.  DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

The information under the caption "Proposal No. 1 - Election of Directors" of the Corporation's Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on May 5, 2015, is incorporated herein by reference.  For information with respect to executive officers of the Corporation, see Table I - Executive Officers of the Registrant included in Part I of this report.

Information relating to the identification of the audit committee and audit committee financial expert of the Corporation is contained under the caption “Information Regarding the Board” of the Corporation’s Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on May 5, 2015, and is incorporated herein by reference.

Code of Ethics

The information under the caption “Code of Business Conduct and Ethics” of the Corporation’s Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on May 5, 2015, is incorporated herein by reference.

Compliance with Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act

The information under the caption "Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance" of the Corporation's Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on May 5, 2015, is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 11.  EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

The information under the captions “Executive Compensation” and “Director Compensation” of the Corporation's Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on May 5, 2015, is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 12.  SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

The information under the captions “Security Ownership” and “Equity Compensation Plan Information” of the Corporation's Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on May 5, 2015, is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 13.  CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

The information under the captions “Information Regarding the Board” and “Review, Approval or Ratification of Transactions with Related Persons” of the Corporation's Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on May 5, 2015, is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 14.  PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES

The information under the caption “Fees Incurred for PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP” of the Corporation’s Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on May 5, 2015, is incorporated herein by reference.


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PART IV
 
ITEM 15.  EXHIBITS, FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

(a)(1) Financial Statements

The following consolidated financial statements of the Corporation and its subsidiaries included in the Corporation's 2014 Annual Report to Shareholders are filed as a part of this Report pursuant to Item 8:

 
Page
 
 
(2) Financial Statement Schedules

The following consolidated financial statement schedule of the Corporation and its subsidiaries is attached:

Schedule II
Valuation and Qualifying Accounts for the Years Ended January 3, 2015, December 28, 2013, and December 29, 2012
72


All other schedules for which provision is made in the applicable accounting regulation of the SEC are not required under the related instructions or are inapplicable and, therefore, have been omitted.

(b)
Exhibits
An exhibit index of all exhibits incorporated by reference into, or filed with, this Report appears on Page 73.  The following exhibits are filed herewith:

Exhibit

 
 
(21
)
 
Subsidiaries of the Registrant
(23
)
 
Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
(31.1
)
 
Certification of the CEO Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
(31.2
)
 
Certification of the CFO Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
(32.1
)
 
Certification of CEO and CFO Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
101

 
The following materials from HNI Corporation's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 3, 2015 formatted in XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language) and furnished electronically herewith: (i) Consolidated Balance Sheets; (ii) Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income; (iii) Consolidated Statements of Equity; (iv) Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows; and (iv) Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
 


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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this Annual Report on Form 10-K to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 
 
HNI Corporation
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Date:
February 27, 2015
By:
/s/ Stan A. Askren
 
 
 
Stan A. Askren
 
 
 
Chairman, President and CEO

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.  Each Director whose signature appears below authorizes and appoints Stan A. Askren as his or her attorney-in-fact to sign and file on his or her behalf any and all amendments and post-effective amendments to this report.

Signature
 
Title
Date
 
 
 
 
/s/ Stan A. Askren
 
Chairman, President and CEO,
February 27, 2015
Stan A. Askren
 
Principal Executive Officer,
 
 
 
and Director
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ Kurt A. Tjaden
 
Vice President and Chief Financial
February 27, 2015
Kurt A. Tjaden
 
Officer, Principal Financial Officer and
 
 
 
Principal Accounting Officer
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ Mary H. Bell
 
Director
February 27, 2015
Mary H. Bell
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ Miguel M. Calado
 
Director
February 27, 2015
Miguel M. Calado
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ Cheryl A. Francis
 
Director
February 27, 2015
Cheryl A. Francis
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ James R. Jenkins
 
Director
February 27, 2015
James R. Jenkins
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ Dennis J. Martin
 
Director
February 27, 2015
Dennis J. Martin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ Larry B. Porcellato
 
Director
February 27, 2015
Larry B. Porcellato
 
 
 


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Signature
 
Title
Date
 
 
 
 
/s/ Abbie J. Smith
 
Lead Director
February 27, 2015
Abbie J. Smith
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ Brian E. Stern
 
Director
February 27, 2015
Brian E. Stern
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ Ronald V. Waters, III
 
Director
February 27, 2015
Ronald V. Waters, III
 
 
 


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Management Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

Management of HNI Corporation is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.  HNI Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.  HNI Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting includes those written policies and procedures that:

pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of HNI Corporation;
provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, and that receipts and expenditures of HNI Corporation are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of HNI Corporation; and
provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of assets that could have a material effect on the consolidated financial statements.

Internal control over financial reporting includes the controls themselves, monitoring (including internal auditing practices), and actions taken to correct deficiencies as identified.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements.  Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

On October 1, 2014, the Corporation completed the acquisition of Vermont Castings Group as discussed in the Business Combination footnote to the Corporation's consolidated financial statements. Management excluded Vermont Castings Group from its assessment of the Corporation's internal control over financial reporting as it was acquired during the fiscal year. Vermont Castings Group is a wholly-owned subsidiary, whose total assets and total revenues represent 6% and 1%, respectively, of the consolidated financial statement amounts as of and for the year ended January 3, 2015.

Management assessed the effectiveness of HNI Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting as of January 3, 2015.  Management based this assessment on criteria for effective internal control over financial reporting described in Internal Control – Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.  Management’s assessment included an evaluation of the design of HNI Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting and testing of operational effectiveness of HNI Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting.  Management reviewed the results of its assessment with the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors.

Based on this assessment, management determined, as of January 3, 2015, HNI Corporation maintained effective internal control over financial reporting.

The effectiveness of HNI Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting as of January 3, 2015 has been audited by PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in its report which appears herein.

February 27, 2015


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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of HNI Corporation:

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements listed in the index appearing under Item 15(a)(1), present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of HNI Corporation and its subsidiaries (the “Corporation”) at January 3, 2015 and December 28, 2013, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended January 3, 2015 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.  In addition, in our opinion, the financial statement schedule listed in the index appearing under Item 15(a)(2) presents fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein when read in conjunction with the related consolidated financial statements.  Also in our opinion, the Corporation maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of January 3, 2015, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). The Corporation's management is responsible for these financial statements and financial statement schedule, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the Management Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting appearing under Item 15.  Our responsibility is to express opinions on these financial statements, on the financial statement schedule, and on the Corporation's internal control over financial reporting based on our integrated audits.  We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States).  Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects.  Our audits of the financial statements included examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation.  Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk.  Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.  A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements.  Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

As described in the Management Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting, management has excluded Vermont Castings Group from its assessment of internal control over financial reporting as of January 3, 2015, because it was acquired by the Corporation in a purchase business combination during 2014. We have also excluded Vermont Castings Group from our audit of internal control over financial reporting. Vermont Castings Group is a wholly-owned subsidiary, whose total assets and total revenues represent 6% and 1%, respectively, of the related consolidated financial statement amounts as of and for the year ended January 3, 2015.


/s/ PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP
Chicago, Illinois
February 27, 2015


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HNI CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
 
(Amounts in thousands, except for per share data)
 
 
 
 
 
For the Years
2014

 
2013

 
2012

Net sales
$
2,222,695

 
$
2,059,964

 
$
2,004,003

Cost of products sold
1,438,495

 
1,344,672

 
1,314,776

Gross profit
784,200

 
715,292

 
689,227

Selling and administrative expenses
649,055

 
606,512

 
599,656

(Gain) loss on sale of assets
(10,723
)
 
2,460

 

Restructuring and impairment charges
33,019

 
333

 
1,944

Operating income
112,849

 
105,987

 
87,627

Interest income
418

 
626

 
842

Interest expense
8,336

 
9,906

 
10,865

Income before income taxes
104,931

 
96,707

 
77,604

Income taxes
43,776

 
33,338

 
29,278

Net income
61,155

 
63,369

 
48,326

Less: Net (loss) attributable to the  noncontrolling interest
(316
)
 
(314
)
 
(641
)
Net income attributable to HNI Corporation
$
61,471

 
$
63,683

 
$
48,967

Net income attributable to HNI Corporation per common share – basic
$
1.37

 
$
1.41

 
$
1.08

Weighted average shares outstanding – basic
44,759,716

 
45,250,665

 
45,211,385

Net income attributable to HNI Corporation per common share – diluted
$
1.35

 
$
1.39

 
$
1.07

Weighted average shares outstanding - diluted
45,578,872

 
45,956,280

 
45,819,979

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
$
(691
)
 
$
(2,562
)
 
$
264

Change in unrealized gains (losses) on marketable securities (net of tax)
(44
)
 
(124
)
 
62

Change in pension and postretirement liabilty (net of tax)
(4,622
)
 
2,151

 
(708
)
Change in derivative financial instruments (net of tax)
(983
)
 
187

 
(20
)
Other comprehensive (loss) net of tax
$
(6,340
)
 
$
(348
)
 
$
(402
)
Comprehensive income
54,815

 
63,021

 
47,924

Less: Comprehensive (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest
(316
)
 
(314
)
 
(641
)
Comprehensive income attributable to HNI Corporation
$
55,131

 
$
63,335

 
$
48,565

 The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.


- 40-

Table of Contents

HNI CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Amounts in thousands of dollars and shares except par value)

As of Year-end
2014

 
2013

Assets
 
 
 
Current Assets
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
34,144

 
$
65,030

Short-term investments
3,052

 
7,251

Receivables, net
240,053

 
228,715

Inventories, net
121,791

 
89,516

Deferred income taxes
17,310

 
16,051

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
39,209

 
26,665

Total Current Assets
455,559

 
433,228

Property, Plant, and Equipment
311,008

 
267,401

Goodwill
279,310

 
286,655

Other Assets
193,457

 
147,421

Total Assets
$
1,239,334

 
$
1,134,705

Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity
 

 
 

Current Liabilities
 

 
 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses
$
453,754

 
$
407,799

Note payable and current maturities of long-term debt and capital lease obligations
160

 
484

Current maturities of other long-term obligations
3,419

 
3,301

Total Current Liabilities
457,333

 
411,584

Long-Term Debt
197,736

 
150,091

Capital Lease Obligations

 
106

Other Long-Term Liabilities
80,353

 
67,543

Deferred Income Taxes
89,411

 
68,964

Commitments and Contingencies


 


Shareholders’ Equity
 

 
 

Preferred stock - $1 par value

 

Authorized:  2,000
 
 
 

Issued:  None
 
 
 

Common stock - $1 par value
44,166

 
44,982

Authorized:  200,000
 
 
 

Issued and outstanding:  2014 -44,166; 2013-44,982
 
 
 
Additional paid-in capital
867

 
16,729

Retained Earnings
374,929

 
373,652

Accumulated other comprehensive income
(5,375
)
 
965

Total HNI Corporation shareholders’ equity
414,587

 
436,328

Noncontrolling interest
(86
)
 
89

Total  Equity
414,501

 
436,417

Total Liabilities and  Equity
$
1,239,334

 
$
1,134,705

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.


- 41-

Table of Contents

HNI CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY
 
Parent Company Shareholders’ Equity
 
 
 
 
(Amounts in thousands)
Common
Stock

 
Additional
Paid-in
Capital

 
Retained
Earnings

 
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive
(Loss)/Income

 
Non-
controlling
Interest

 
Total
Shareholders’
Equity

Balance, December 31, 2011
$
44,855

 
$
24,277

 
$
348,210

 
$
1,715

 
$
265

 
$
419,322

Comprehensive income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Net income


 


 
48,967

 


 
(641
)
 
48,326

Other comprehensive income (net of tax)


 


 


 
(402
)
 


 
(402
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interest
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(124
)
 
(124
)
Change in ownership of noncontrolling interest
 
 
 
 
(194
)
 
 
 
801

 
607

Cash dividends; $0.95 per share


 


 
(43,041
)
 


 


 
(43,041
)
Common shares – treasury:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Shares purchased
(800
)
 
(20,221
)
 


 


 


 
(21,021
)
Shares issued under Members’ Stock Purchase Plan and stock awards
896

 
16,097

 


 


 


 
16,993

Balance, December 29, 2012
$
44,951

 
$
20,153

 
$
353,942

 
$
1,313

 
$
301

 
$
420,660

Comprehensive income:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Net income (loss)


 


 
63,683

 


 
(314
)
 
63,369

Other comprehensive (loss) (net of tax)


 


 


 
(348
)
 


 
(348
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interest
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(167
)
 
(167
)
Change in ownership of noncontrolling interest
 
 
 
 
(479
)
 
 
 
269

 
(210
)
Cash dividends; $0.96 per share


 


 
(43,494
)
 


 


 
(43,494
)
Common shares – treasury:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Shares purchased
(740
)
 
(26,748
)
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
(27,488
)
Shares issued under Members’ Stock Purchase Plan and stock awards
771

 
23,324

 


 


 


 
24,095

Balance, December 28, 2013
$
44,982

 
$
16,729

 
$
373,652

 
$
965

 
$
89

 
$
436,417

Comprehensive income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss)


 


 
61,471

 


 
(316
)
 
61,155

Other comprehensive (loss) (net of tax)


 


 


 
(6,340
)
 


 
(6,340
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interest
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(5
)
 
(5
)
Change in ownership of noncontrolling interest
 
 
 
 
(146
)
 
 
 
146

 

Cash dividends; $0.99 per share

 

 
(44,328
)
 

 

 
(44,328
)
Common shares – treasury:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shares purchased
(1,666
)
 
(50,522
)
 
(15,720
)
 

 

 
(67,908
)
Shares issued under Members’ Stock Purchase Plan and stock awards
850

 
34,660

 

 

 

 
35,510

Balance, January 3, 2015
$
44,166

 
$
867

 
$
374,929

 
$
(5,375
)
 
$
(86
)
 
$
414,501

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

- 42-

Table of Contents

HNI CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Amounts in thousands)
For the Years
2014

 
2013

 
2012

Net Cash Flows From (To) Operating Activities:
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
61,155

 
$
63,369

 
$
48,326

Noncash items included in net income:
 
 
 

 
 

Depreciation and amortization
56,722

 
46,621

 
43,360

Other postretirement and post-employment benefits
1,239

 
1,309

 
1,678

Stock-based compensation
8,597

 
7,451

 
6,437

Excess tax benefits from stock compensation
(2,161
)
 
(2,211
)
 
(4,156
)
Deferred income taxes
14,655

 
18,451

 
7,060

Net (gain) loss on sale of long-lived assets
(10,327
)
 
344

 
1,032

Loss on impairment of intangibles
29,382

 

 

Loss on sale of business

 
2,177

 

Stock issued to retirement plan
6,005

 
5,352

 
4,864

Other – net
4,693

 
4,419

 
2,557

Changes in working capital, excluding acquisition and disposition:
 

 
 

 
 

Receivables
8,631

 
(21,029
)
 
(6,993
)
Inventories
(23,437
)
 
1,606

 
9,546

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
(4,622
)
 
526

 
(1,799
)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
26,910

 
25,863

 
27,531

Income taxes
(11,165
)
 
4,525

 
4,662

Increase (decrease) in other liabilities
1,519

 
6,229

 
672

Net cash flows from (to) operating activities
167,796

 
165,002

 
144,777

Net Cash Flows From (To) Investing Activities:
 

 
 

 
 

Capital expenditures
(74,323
)
 
(60,977
)
 
(39,473
)
Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment
16,361

 
421

 
1,182

Capitalized software
(38,390
)
 
(17,918
)
 
(20,797
)
Acquisition spending, net of cash acquired
(61,823
)
 

 
(26,894
)
Purchase of investments
(3,801
)
 
(1,107
)
 
(5,554
)
Sales or maturities of investments
7,770

 
5,053

 
4,762

Other – net
(4
)
 
(891
)
 
961

Net cash flows from (to) investing activities
(154,210
)
 
(75,419
)
 
(85,813
)
Net Cash Flows From (To) Financing Activities:
 

 
 

 
 

Purchase of HNI Corporation common stock
(67,908
)
 
(27,488
)
 
(21,021
)
Withholding related to net share settlements of equity based awards
(79
)
 
(1,598
)
 
(5,995
)
Proceeds from note and long-term debt
282,808

 
157,967

 
148,844

Payments of note and long-term debt and other financing
(235,595
)
 
(163,524
)
 
(179,333
)
Proceeds from sale of HNI Corporation common stock
18,469

 
9,591

 
6,396

Excess tax benefits from stock compensation
2,161

 
2,211

 
4,156

Dividends paid
(44,328
)
 
(43,494
)
 
(43,041
)
Net cash flows from (to) financing activities
(44,472
)
 
(66,335
)
 
(89,994
)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
(30,886
)
 
23,248

 
(31,030
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year
65,030

 
41,782

 
72,812

Cash and cash equivalents at end of year
$
34,144

 
$
65,030

 
$
41,782

 The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

- 43-

Table of Contents

HNI CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

Nature of Operations
HNI Corporation with its subsidiaries (the “Corporation”) is a provider of office furniture and hearth products.  Both industries are reportable segments; however, the Corporation’s office furniture business is its principal line of business.  Refer to Operating Segment Information for further information.  Office furniture products are sold through a national system of dealers, wholesalers and national office product distributors and directly to end-user customers and federal, state and local governments. Dealers, wholesalers and national office products distributors are the major channels based on sales.  Hearth products include a full array of gas, wood and pellet burning fireplaces, inserts, stoves, facings and accessories.  These products are sold through a national system of dealers and distributors, as well as Corporation-owned distribution and retail outlets.  The Corporation’s products are marketed predominantly in the United States and Canada.  The Corporation exports select products to a limited number of markets outside North America, principally the Middle East, Mexico, Latin America and the Caribbean, through its export subsidiary and manufactures and markets office furniture in Asia and India; however, based on sales, these activities are not significant.

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Principles of Consolidation and Fiscal Year-End
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts and transactions of the Corporation and its subsidiaries.  Intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

The Corporation follows a 52/53 week fiscal year which ends on the Saturday nearest December 31. Fiscal year 2014 ended on January 3, 2015; 2013 ended on December 28, 2013; and 2012 ended on December 29, 2012.  The financial statements for fiscal year 2014 is on a 53-week basis; fiscal 2013 and 2012 are on a 52-week basis. A 53-week year occurs approximately every sixth year.

Cash, Cash Equivalents and Investments
Cash and cash equivalents generally consist of cash and money market accounts.  The fair value approximates the carrying value due to the short duration of the securities. These securities have original maturity dates not exceeding three months.  The Corporation has short-term investments with maturities of less than one year and also has investments with maturities greater than one year included in Other Assets on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.  Management classifies investments in marketable securities at the time of purchase and reevaluates such classification at each balance sheet date.  Debt securities including government and corporate bonds are classified as available-for-sale and stated at current market value with unrealized gains and losses included as a separate component of equity, net of any related tax effect.  The specific identification method is used to determine realized gains and losses on the trade date.  

At January 3, 2015 and December 28, 2013, cash, cash equivalents and investments consisted of the following:

Year-End 2014
 
(In thousands)
Cash and cash equivalents
 
Short-term investments
 
Long-term investments
Held-to-maturity securities
 
 
 
 
 
Certificates of deposit
$

 
$
252

 
$

Available-for-sale securities
 
 
 
 
 
Debt securities